It has a temperate type of climate and its surface terrain varies rainforest to bare rock. The island has no human settlement currently. It is a home to one of the most endangered snake species, the golden lance head pit viper also called the venomous Bithrops insularis.
The island came into existence after rising sea level waters covered the land that joined it to the mainland. The snakes were trapped on it and had to adapt to the new environment. The snake population increased fast and the island became unsafe for human settlement as well as public visitation.
No one is allowed to go to the island as a way of protecting the snakes as well as the people. The only people who have access to the island are the Brazilian Navy and some selected researchers.
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