Basketball which is the second richest sport after football, became into existence in 1891 by a Canadian physical education instructor called James Naismith.He was asked by his school to invent an indoor sport after which he remembered a rock-tossing game he played when he was a child.He threw the ball in the air for the first tipoff.
Naismith was born on 6 November 1861.He was a 31 year old graduate student when he created the indoor sport to help keep in shape athletes during the cold winters.The game became established fairly quickly and grew very popular as the 20th centuries progressed.First in America then in other parts of the world.
The first basket ball coat in the world
After basketball became established in American colleges,professional games followed.The American National basketball association was then established in 1946 which grew to a multi-dollar enterprise by the end of the century.Basketball therefore became an internal part of American culture.
Naismith established Thirteen Rules governing the game,some of which were;
The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or two hands.
The ball may be battled in any direction with one or two hands
A player cannot run with the ball,the player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it.Allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball when running at a good speed.
The ball must be held in between the hands,the arms or body must not be used for holding it.No shouldering,holding,pushing,tripping or striking in any way the person of an opponent shall be allowed.The first infringement of this rule by any person shall disqualify him until the next goal is made or if there was evident intent to injure the person for the whole of the game.
The first women to play basketball
The one for women began in the fall of 1892 at Smith college,Senda Berenson,recently hired as young ''physical culture'' director at Smith.She taught basketball to her students hoping that the activity would improve their physical health.
Basketball therefore became the first women team sport,followed shortly by hockey, rowing and volleyball.It later spread to other parts of the world.
However,Berenson was taking risks simply in teaching the game to women.19 centuries,Victorian culture stressed the Frailty of women and prioritized the status of women in homes,Berenson expressed concern about the women suffering from nervous fatigue since games were too strenuous for them.
First people to play basketball in kenya
Basketball started in kenya at Mang'u high school in the 1960s by the Marianists Brothers when Brothers Frank Russell took over as principal.He had previous experience in the USA as a sport master and basketball catch in several schools.
Benefits of playing basketball
It teaches you of being a good team player and can be a great social sport.
It burns calories.Playing basketball for one hour is capable to burn 630-750 calories.
Improves balance and coordination.Develops concentration and self discipline.Build muscles.
Can be played by all ages and all abilities.Can be practised alone,all you need is a ball and a hoop.
I hope I have shaded some lights to you about basketball.
Content created and supplied by: Benardpetr (via Opera News )