The most common reason I can think of is simple dignity. It means we don't have to put a human body directly onto a stone hearth floor.
Another reason is for ease of handling the body and loading the remains into the cremation chamber. Usually the casket or platform in or on which the deceased is resting is put on an electric or hydraulic lift and raised to the height of the crematory door and then is pushed into the chamber on rollers. It's easier to push a large wooden box or tray than a human body.
Having the body encased in something also protects crematory staff from exposure to blood or anything that may be with the body. Not all crematory operators are licensed funeral directors. Some may even be high school students.
Families may also choose a casket because they may be having a viewing or service before the cremation, or maybe witnessing the cremation itself and be present in the crematory.
That being said, if the family does not want a traditional casket they are allowed to choose a simple wooden tray or cardboard box, and the family is not obligated to purchase this container or tray from the funeral home. They are allowed to build or bring their own wooden tray or cardboard box as long as it encases the body and can support the body's weight.
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Content created and supplied by: ThePureAfrican1 (via Opera News )