The annual World Meteorological Day Celebrations when the entire world commemorates the coming into force of the Convention establishing the World Meteorological Organization on 23 March 1950.
This is the day when we remember the role of the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services in mitigating and adapting to a rapidly changing climate.
When it comes to the weather and climate, most of us think only about what is happening in the atmosphere. If we ignore the ocean, however, we miss a big piece of the picture: covering some 70% of the Earth’s surface, the ocean is a habitat for majority of life on earth and it is major driver of the world’s weather and climate.
Ocean ecosystems remain the epicenter of global warming. Climate change is taking a toll on forests, farms, freshwater sources and the economy.
Even with their vast capacity to absorb heat and carbon dioxide, oceans were 0.17 degrees Celsius (0.3 degrees Fahrenheit) warmer in 2017 than in 2000, and the warming trend appears to be accelerating. More than 90 percent of Earth’s warming since 1950 occurred in oceans.
The theme selected for this year's celebration “The ocean, our climate and weather” reminds us that due to climate change the greenhouse effect causes a rise in sea level.
Although quantifying this rise is difficult, projections on the implications of the sea level rise are important especially for planning for the future. The planning for development of the coastal zone of Kenya must include the possible effects of sea level rise.
The effects that have the greatest implications on the development of the country are; coastal erosion, drowning of mangroves, saline intrusion, flooding and drainage problems.
KMD provides vital information for maritime activities such as shipping and fishing. This includes regular forecasts on wind speed and direction, storms, wave height, tide activity, visibility and occasional lifesaving advisories.
Weather forecasters combine ocean observations and knowledge of how ocean–atmosphere interactions shape long-term weather and climate patterns with atmospheric observations of daily temperature, wind, precipitation and other variables. Together, these data become key inputs for weather and climate models.
With improved monitoring of the ocean and atmosphere and enhanced scientific understanding, scientists can undertake the necessary research and innovations to mitigate against climate change and provide weather advisories to users.
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