10.Kainji Dam - Nigeria
It is located in Niger River in Niger State in central Nigeria. It is the oldest and functional power plant in Nigeria. It is also the first dam to be built in Nigeria and has been in existence for more than 50 years. It generates power output of 760 megawatts (MW)
It is a hydroelectric dam located on the Volta River in south eastern Ghana. The dam is 124 metres high and 660 metres long holding back the waters of Lake Volta. The dam was built between 1961 and 1965. It has a generating capacity of 1020 MW.
8. Merowe Dam - North Sudan
It's a large dam near Merowe town in Northern Sudan. It is located on the Nile River and has a length of 9 kilometers and a height of 67 metres. It took 5 years to complete it's construction. It's full generating capacity is 1250 MW.
7. Inga Dams - DRC
They are two hydroelectric dams connected to Inga waterfalls - one of the largest waterfalls in the world. The dams are located on Western DRC and they consist of Inga I which generates 351 MW and Inga II which generates 1424 MW.
6. Gibe III Dam - Ethiopia
It's a hydroelectric power project which was constructed on the Omo River in Ethiopia. It was officially launched in 2006. It has a power output of 1870 MW.
5. Cahora Bassa Dam - Mozambique
It is located in Zambezi River in western Mozambique. It's the largest hydroelectric power plant in Southern Africa. It's construction began in 1974 and was completed in 1979. The dam is 171 metres high and 994 metres wide. It has a generating capacity of 2075 MW.
4. Aswan High Dam - Egypt
It was built across the Nile in Aswan Egypt between 1960 and 1970. It is 111 metres high and 3830 metres in length. It has a reservoir capacity for about 33600 square kilometers of irrigation land. It has a power output of 2100 MW.
3. Julius Nyerere Hydro Power Station - Tanzania
It is a hydroelectric dam under construction across the Rufiji River in eastern Tanzania. The government of Tanzania approved land for it's construction in 2018, and upon completion, it's expected to generate power of 2115 MW.
2. Katse Arch Dam - Lesotho
It's located in Lesotho. The dam's wall is 3185 metre high, 60 meter high at the base and 9 meter high at the top. It curves from side to side as well as from top to bottom, making it the only one of thirty doubled curved concrete arch dams in the world. It has a generating capacity of 2200 MW.
1. Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam - Ethiopia
It is located in Ethiopia and it's a gravity dam on the Blue Nile River. It has been under construction since 2011. The purpose of the dam is to relieve Ethiopia of its acute power shortage. It is the largest dam in Africa with a generating capacity of 6000 MW.
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