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The name Samael in Hebrew means 'Venom of God' which means he is either the vengeful hand of God or the enemy of God. It first appears in the account of the theory of angels in the Ethiopic Book of Enoch 6 where he is ranked on the list of the angel leaders who rebelled against God. Other ancient texts suggest that Samael is the angelic name of Satan himself.
Lets find out more about this rebellious son of God.
As a result of Samael being one of the most high ranked angels of the heavenly host, there have been many varying narrations as to who he was and how his actions made him to fall from grace.
Talmudic lore has Samael as a fallen archangel where he is regarded both good and evil.
He has been known as the destroyer, accuser, and seducer, functions which make him fit the christian description of satan, to an extent where he has been regarded as a fallen angel.
The Jewish lore has Samael's major duties as those of the angel of death and head of satans.
Other lore do not consider him entirely evil since one of his functions includes that of destroying sinners.
He remains a steadfast servant of God in as much as he condones the sins of man.
Samael was first frequently mentioned during and after the Second Temple Period.
In Enoch 1, he is among the group of Watchers, rebellious angels who descended to earth under their leader Semyaza to copulate with human women.
According to the Greek Apocalypse of Baruch, Samael is the major evil figure.
He planted the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil and in a serpent form tempted Adam and Eve to eat. God therefore cursed and banished him.
Samael's treacherous act of deceiving Eve into eating the fruit is relatable to the Islamic idea of 'Iblis.' Iblis refused prostrating himself before Adam because himself was made out of fire while Adam was made out of mere dust.
The serpent however isn't Samael's form, rather a beast like camel he rode.
Some ancient traditions believe he fathered a son, Cain, with Eve as well as partnered with Lilith with whom together they sired demonic offspring.
The Exodus Rabbah depicts Samael as the filler of the role of the Angel of Death, when he comes to take the soul of Moses.
He is also accorded the title accuser in the heavenly court whereas Micheal is the defender of Israel's actions.
The Yalkut Shimoni texts describe him as the angel who ordered Abraham to sacrifice Isaac and the one who wrestled with Jacob.
With respect to the type of tradition, Samael could be a fallen angel or an angel still loyal to the divine law but enforces the darker side of faith.
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Content created and supplied by: Yudon (via Opera News )