Assassination is said to have happened when murder of prominent or important person take place such Presidents, heads of government, powerful politicians, monarchies, celebrities, High ranking company Directors or Chief Executive Officers.
Here is a list of five powerful and prominent African Presidents who were assasinated while in office.
1. Thomas Sankara - Burkina Faso.
Sankara who was the first president of Burkina Faso was assassinated 34 years ago on 15th October 1987 in country's capital of Ouagadougou. The charismatic Pan-Africanist was shot dead aged 37 by soldiers during a coup orchestrated by his friend and Military leader Blaise Compaoré.
Compaoré later succeeded him as president of Burkina Faso and has repeatedly denied involvement and suspicions that he organized Sankara's death and murder of his friend. Sankara was born on 21st December 1949 in Yako village, Upper Volta.
2. Patrice Lumumba - DRC Congo.
Patrice Lumumba was the first elected prime minister of the newly independent and fragile country of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in 1960 at only 34 years. He was captured by Mobutu Sese Seko with aid of Belgian powers and handed over to his political enemy who was a separatist, Moise Tshombe in Katanga.
Tshombe was a Congolese leader who disagreed with Lumumba’s politics. Patrice was assassinated 60 years ago on 17th January 1961 in Lubumbashi.His assassination was ploted by Belgians and American because he had sought Soviet Union intervention and assistance over secessionist regimes and movements that had brought unrest in the expansive country which had fallen under four separate governments.
3. Muammar Gaddafi - Libya.
Muammar Gaddafi was born in 1942 and was a Libyan President from 1st September 1969 to 20th October 2011.He served as president for almost five decades and was deposed after his government security personnel opened fire on protesters who were against his 42 year rule. This single moment marked a long unrest in the country that oversaw world powers seek to establish peace and subsequent arrest and killing of the great Libyan leader.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) together with some local rebel overthrew, captured and later killed him on 20th October 2011 at his home town of Sirte. A decade after being assassinated Libya has been in a paranoia of chaos and anarchy despite global efforts to establish harmony amongst the fighting sides.
4. Anwar Saddat - Egypt.
Muhammad Anwar Saddat was born on 25th December 1918. He served as the 3rd Egyptian President from 28th September 1970 until his assassination during a military parade in Cairo by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981.
He was assassinated for being the first Arab head of state to establish working relations and for making peace with Israel. Those responsible for his assassination were the leftist groups known as the Muslim brotherhood and Islamic Jihad, a radical militant group.
5. Laurent Kabila - DRC Congo.
Kabila was born on November 27th 1939 in then Belgian Congo and was assassinated on 16th January 2001 in Kinshasa, the capital city of Democratic Republic of Congo(DRC).He served as DRC third president from May 17th 1997 till when he was assassinated on January 16th 2001 aged 62 years.
Twenty-three (33) soldiers were accused of being behind the plot to have him killed.He was shot dead by his bodyguard whom he had previously believed was utterly loyal to him and his tenure in office. He was killed when his was having a discussion with an economics adviser on an organized meeting with French government in Paris.
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