If you haven't hit menopause and you don't want a baby, then you need some kind of birth control. But that doesn't mean you should stick with the same method for all of your fertile years. In fact, it's often wiser to make some changes along the way. The best pick for you today might no longer be a winner in a few years, and if you haven't thought about your contraception in a while, it could be time for an update. Age is important both because of certain health issues and risk factors as well as because your lifestyle habits tend to change. Guideline on best birth control at your age:
In your 20s and 30s
IUDs and birth control implants are very effective and long lasting and easily reversible. The birth control pill, shot, skin patch, and vaginal ring are also effective options, however, they’re not quite as effective or easy to use as an IUD or implant.
Any of these birth control methods are safe to use, but if you have a history of certain medical conditions or risk factors, your doctor might encourage you to avoid certain options.
In your 40s
There are plenty of pregnancies among women in this age group. If you’re confident that you don’t want to get pregnant in the future, sterilization surgery offers an effective and permanent option. This type of surgery includes tubal ligation and vasectomy. If you don’t want to undergo surgery, using an IUD or birth control implant is also effective and easy. The birth control pill, shot, skin patch, and vaginal ring are slightly less effective, but still solid choices.
If you're dealing with symptoms of perimenopause like hot flashes, night sweats, and irregular periods and you aren't a smoker, then low dose birth control pills might be a good bet. Low dose birth control help to control these symptoms.
However, estrogen-containing birth control can also raise your risk of blood clots, heart attack, and stroke. Your doctor might encourage you to avoid estrogen-containing options, especially if you have high blood pressure, a history of smoking, or other risk factors for these conditions.
Menopause can be a difficult and confusing time for a lot of women. It often comes with several unpleasant symptoms like hot flashes, mood swings and trouble sleeping.
Perimenopause is menopause’s opening act. It’s the time leading up to menopause when a woman’s hormones begin to change. A women is still having periods during this time, but they become more irregular.
Menopause is the final period a women. This is known when a woman goes 12 months without a period. Everything after that is post-menopause.
Women should use some form of birth control for the first two years after having their last period. But the patch, pill or ring are not suggested as women go into their mid to late 40s. This is due to the high levels of estrogen in these forms of birth control and risk of blood clots.
The safest options for women are condoms or vasectomy. But also is suggested an intrauterine device (IUD), which can also help with bleeding problems during menopause. The mini pill can be used, too. However, if you’re experiencing symptoms of menopause and being treated with the progesterone only mini pill, it can affect how well it protects from pregnancy.
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