When around the final phase of giving birth, one should keep in mind that not all birth defects can be prevented. However, there are ways to increase your chances of providing a healthy birth. That can only be possible if an expectant mother adopts healthy behaviours early enough. Here are some of the tips on how a pregnant mother can ensure a healthy delivery.
1. Stops using drugs
When pregnant, a mother should avoid drugs such as alcohol, tobacco, and others. That is because, drugs will leads to low birth weight, miscarriage, or even preterm birth. One is advised to quit drugs early enough before also getting pregnant to reduce the risk of birth defects.
2. Eat balanced diet meals
Eating correctly and a balanced meal is another important thing for pregnant mothers. The reason being, by eating a balanced meal, the health of the baby will be great when born. Ensure that you consume foods rich in vitamins since during pregnancies, the body absorbs a lot of vitamins.
3.Talk to a healthcare provider about taking any medications.
Certain medications can cause serious birth defects if they are taken during pregnancy. For many medications taken by pregnant women, the safety has been difficult to determine. Despite the limited safety data, some medications are needed to treat serious conditions. If a woman is pregnant or planning a pregnancy, she should not stop taking medications she needs or begin taking new medications without first talking with her healthcare provider. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medications and dietary or herbal products.
4.Talk to a healthcare provider about vaccinations (shots).
Most vaccinations are safe during pregnancy and some vaccinations, such as the flu vaccine and the Tdap vaccine (adult tetanus, diphtheria and acellular pertussis vaccine), are specifically recommended during pregnancy. Some vaccines protect women against infections that can cause birth defects. Having the right vaccinations at the right time can help keep a woman and her baby healthy. She should talk to her doctor about which vaccines are recommended for her during pregnancy.
5.Strive to reach and maintain a healthy weight.
A woman who is obese (a body mass index [BMI] of 30 or higher) before pregnancy is at a higher risk for complications during pregnancy. Obesity also increases a pregnant woman’s risk of several serious birth defects. Even if a woman is not actively planning a pregnancy, getting healthy can help boost her health and her mood. If a woman is overweight or obese, she should talk with her doctor about ways to reach a healthy weight before she gets pregnant
6.Avoid overheating and treat fever promptly.
During pregnancy, a woman should avoid overheating and treat fever promptly. Overheating can increase a woman’s chance of having a baby with a neural tube defect. It can be caused by a fever or exposure to excessive temperatures like getting in a hot tub that increases a woman’s core temperature. Protecting against infections, treating fever promptly, limiting environmental exposures known to increase core body temperatures and consuming 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid every day can help reduce the chance of having a baby born with a neural tube defect.
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