Because their organs aren't fully ready to work on their own, preemies are at risk for health problems. In general, the earlier a baby was born, the greater their chances of health problems.
These problems include:
1. Anemia, when babies don't have enough red blood cells. Apnea when a baby stops breathing for a short time; the heart rate may lower; and the skin may turn pale or blue bronchopulmonary dysplasia and respiratory distress syndrome, problems with breathing.
2. Hyperbilirubinemia, when babies have high levels of bilirubin, which is produced by the normal breakdown of red blood cells. This leads to jaundice, a yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes.
3.necrotizing enterocolitis, a serious disease of the intestines.
4. Patent ductus arteriosus, a problem with the heart retinopathy of prematurity, a problem with the eye's retina. Sepsis infections that babies can get before, during, or after birth.
5. These may lead to low body weight, less activity, low body fat and low body temperature.
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