The Kenya National Examinations Council is in charge of overseeing all that is required in the exams administered to kids as they transition from Primary School to secondary school.
Picture Courtesy. Students getting frisked.
The exams are part of the curriculum in which the bright students are identified from the not so bright ones and the selection of national schools placement begins.
This exam has now been ruled out by the Competency Based Curriculum which will use other methods to determine a students brightness in a lot of fields.
However, have you ever asked yourself how a school gets a Y result? Well, below is the way in which KNEC Detects cheating in an exam leading to subsequent cancellation of the paper or the entire center.
Similarity in Answers
Apart from the exam candidates caught cheating while writing, examiners in KNEC look for similar answers or phrases in the paper.
For multiple answer questions, a computer program is used to scan through the answer sheets to smoke out the cheaters.
The multiple answer examination sheets are scanned with an optical mark reader to detect collusion by use of a computer program known as the Item Difficulty Profile (IDP).
Prof. George Magoha. Picture courtesy.
The performance profile of a school using the IDP programme shows either positive or negative deviations.
An exceptional report is produced if 10 per cent or more of the questions in a paper are flagged, that is, if they deviate significantly from the normal expected performance behaviour.
A negative flag is registered if 80 per cent or more of the candidates give one wrong response out of three wrong responses given in a typical multiple-choice question.
"Candidates in a centre are said to have been involved in collusion in a subject paper if 80 per cent or more of the candidates choose the identical wrong responses in at least 10 per cent of the questions in a paper," Knec told the court.
"For example in an English paper that has 50 questions, if 80 per cent of the candidates in a centre have five negative flags then the candidates are considered to have colluded," states Knec in the court filings.
Picture courtesy. Image used for illustration.
In conclusion, it's advisable for students to avoid cheating but over the years many have been caught doing this and thus their papers have been cancelled.
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