Seven months into his first term in 2015 President Muhammadu Buhari coined the term, but the organization and its offshoots have never lengthy beyond away.
The military has managed to retake territory and dislodged the fighters from some of their hideouts. But a present day spike in deadly violence, centered withinside the north- east, in which the Islamist organization commenced out its insurgency in 2009, has led many to ask what' s at the idea of the authorities' failure.
Already this year there were nearly a hundred attacks, consistent with one estimate. A amount of military bases similarly to towns, consisting of Geidam and Damasak, a hub for useful resource workers, have been overrun. Hundreds had been killed and weapons, food and tablets have all been looted.
1: Root motives now not addressed
An over- reliance on a military technique to confront Boko Haram is at the coronary coronary heart of the united states' s incapacity to deal with the threat, argues protection analyst Kabiru Adamu from Beacon Consulting.
2: Boko Haram' s potential to recruit
The endemic poverty in factors of the area further to the insurgents' violent techniques permit the continued recruitment of generation after technology of warring parties, experts say.
3: Lack of equipment
Even in phrases of the fighting there' s the problem of weaponry, steady with Mr Adamu, who says that the military is ill- equipped.
Corruption may be one problem that is retaining the military again with reference to improving its equipment. It is suspected that pretty some coins meant to enhance the advertising marketing campaign in competition to Boko Haram has ended up in officials' pockets.
5: Military method now not working
Mr Bukarti told the BBC the insurgents appear to have " understood and tailor-made to the pattern of military airstrikes" and are taking gain of the hard terrain in Nigeria' s north- east to save you military attacks.
6: Boko Haram' s have an effect on is spreading
Adding to the troubles of handling Boko Haram is that the insurgency, as quickly as restricted to the north- east, appears to be spreading.
There are problems that armed criminal gangs in extraordinary additives of the north and centre of america are forging links with the militants.
Last 12 months, Boko Haram released a video claiming a presence in Niger country that' s an extended manner from its everyday area of operations. The authorities there issued a statement in March pronouncing Boko Haram warring parties had infiltrated the united states of america occupying forests and attacking communities.
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