The Kenya Defense Forces are divided into three branches: the Army, the Navy and the Air Force. They work together to protect and maintain the security of the country at its borders. The KDF were deployed in Somalia's security region where Al-Shabaab militants are a threat.
Before joining the African Union Mission in Somalia (Unisom), Kenyan soldiers drove out terrorists and secured the port city of Kismayo in a major step towards restoring peace in the war-torn country.
But it was a tough decade for Kenya and Somalia, both for the bloodshed and the resources spent on the war. First in Mogadishu, an internationally recognized government was established and operated from Nairobi. He will then move to Somalia's capital.
There is progress in Somalia thanks to AU, Kenya and some other countries. There have been elections and several presidential transitions, and the region can now look back with pride on what has been achieved.
There are now plans to withdraw regional forces from Somalia. The Somali National Army (SNA) will have more control over the country. The Kenya Defense Forces have done a great job helping the Somali Army improve its military tactics and explosives handling capabilities.
Kenyans are part of the 18,585 AU troops sent to restore Somalia to sovereignty. Local residents must be ready when foreign troops leave before December 2024. This is expected by UN Security Council Resolution 2628 this year.
We could not agree more with the AU Commission in Somalia that pacifying the country provides the entire African kingdom. With frequent terrorist attacks, drought and famine, and a broken government structure, Somalia needs help. In addition to Kenya, Uganda, Burundi, Djibouti and Ethiopia have sent troops to various troubled areas.
With experience gained inside Somalia, Kenyan forces should be able to control the long and porous border, which should be facilitated by stronger cooperation with the growing Somali army. A peaceful and prosperous Somalia will benefit the Horn and the rapidly growing East African Union.
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