Any progressive state that wants to safeguard its borders and interests needs military capability. Overall, the continent is outperforming world giants when it comes to the strongest military in Africa 2020.
The top ten most powerful militaries in Africa are shown below.
Egypt's military might puts it ahead of the pack in terms of military might due to the sheer magnitude of its armed forces. The North African superpower is ranked 12th in the world.
The Egyptian Army, Egyptian Navy, Egyptian Air Force, and Egyptian Air Defense Command make up the Egyptian Armed Forces. Its active frontline army numbers around 500,000 people, vastly outnumbering all of its African equivalents.
It has about 10,000 armored war vehicles, 60,000 logistics trucks, 1,092 aircraft, and substantial oil reserves. Its naval strength, which includes both traditional carriers and nuclear-powered submarines, sets it unique.
Since the military coup that deposed Morsi and installed al-Sisi in power, the military has been consolidating authority. Proposed revisions to the constitution were put to a referendum this year, giving the army new powers, which campaigners fear would lead to interference in civilian affairs.
Algeria, like its North African cousin, has taken advantage of its extensive maritime border. The country has developed significant military capabilities on land, in the air, and in the sea. The country, on the other hand, is a distant second in the global rankings, coming in at number 27.
Algeria's active frontline forces comprise over 130,000 troops, with approximately 2,000 armored battle vehicles at their disposal.
The country is in upheaval after its long-serving president resigned, but the military has found a voice as the country's instability and civil unrest persist.
The army leader has expressed his reservations about the proposed election postponement, which he believes will fuel greater turmoil. Algeria's army is the only force capable of effectively combating Islamic forces (that almost took over the country after the independence).
South Africa employs its highly advanced military for peacekeeping and international collaboration because it hasn't been involved in an international military confrontation in a long time. Despite the lack of hostilities, the government maintains a massive defense budget of $4,6 billion.
Its aircraft and naval vessels are well-known for being well-equipped with cutting-edge technology, and despite having fewer than 100,000 active front-line personnel, the country has the capabilities and manpower to do much more. The South African military is a force to be reckoned with, thanks to a huge array of ground system technology.
For the greater part of a decade, the West African army has been fighting the Boko Haram insurgency. Despite significant gains during Buhari's first term, there have been a few setbacks in the last year, as the army is better trained for conventional warfare than the insurgents' guerrilla tactics.
An abundant domestic oil supply, like in Algeria and Egypt, reduces the financial burden of armed war. Nigeria has over 1,800 armored vehicles, 250 tanks, 6,000 logistical vehicles, nearly 300 aircraft, and 25 high-powered naval vessels at its disposal. In comparison to other African countries with marine borders, the country's naval might is lacking.
Ethiopia is the only country in the Top 5 without a maritime border, despite being landlocked and lacking the advantages of the top three. Ethiopia has put a significant amount of effort into developing its army and air force (the GFP does not penalize landlocked countries for not having a naval force).
Since taking power, Prime Minister Aby Ahmed has had a cordial relationship with the military, with military officials seen touring some of the PM's projects and hearing about his vision for the country.
Internal conflict has plagued the country for years, and a strong military has become essential in light of the threat posed by the terrorist group al-Shabaab. Ethiopia currently has a 140,000-strong active force, with nearly 2 million people reaching military age each year.
The army, navy, and air force are the three components of the Angola Armed Forces (FFA). President Lourenco's transformation agenda swept through the armed forces earlier this year, with 88 generals relieved of their duties.
The eggs from the "Golden Goose" (oil reserves), as the President refers to them, have allowed the Southern African country to fund a large military budget. It currently has a standing army of up to 100,000 troops, as well as 585 armored fighting vehicles, 300 tanks, 285 aircraft, and a 57-ship navy.
King Mohammed VI announced that the government should recruit 10,000 Moroccans for compulsory military service this year, with a goal of 15,000 by 2020. The Royal Army has a total of 196,000 active personnel.
It has 291 aircraft, 2,720 armored vehicles, 1,109 tanks, and a navy with 121 assets at its disposal.
In March, the army began a joint military exercise with the US called "African Lion 2019," which was aimed at preparing the army for the battle against violent extremism and terrorism.
Despite its considerable budget, funding partners such as the United States have complained that it is nevertheless plagued by corruption, ineffective administration, and poor levels of education among its members. The majority of its military are stationed in Western Sahara, which is still its largest weakness.
The military deposed longstanding dictator Omar al-Bashir after months of protests and a sit-in at the military's headquarters.
However, tales of military brutality have emerged from Sudan in recent weeks, as talks between civilians and the military have come to a halt.
The military might of al-regime Bashir's grew over decades, and it has received money from Saudi Arabia in the months after he seized control.
The military has a total of 104,000 people on active duty, as well as 191 aircraft, 410 battle tanks, 403 armored fighting vehicles, and 18 naval assets. Because the government is under Western sanctions, the majority of this equipment comes from Russia and China.
With 86 million people, the DRC is Africa's second-largest country. The UN Stabilisation Mission, known as Blue Helmets, is still present in the country because the country's own forces are not completely prepared to perform peacekeeping missions.
After a period of civil conflict, the country's security reform began in 2003, and the endeavor to integrate armed non-state actors into national security institutions is currently ongoing. Despite having a large active force of 134,000 troops, it nevertheless lags behind in training when compared to other forces.
Since Muammar Gaddafi's overthrow, the North African country has been devoid of peace and stability. The military has a significant stockpile of equipment, which you predicted came from oil funds.
The country is today split between a government in Tripoli and a rogue commander, General Haftar, who is backed by Western countries including the US.
Because it lacks a properly cohesive army, the Tripoli administration is fighting to keep the forces out of the capital. Despite this, the country still has 2,500 armored battle vehicles, 500 tanks, 600 towed artillery pieces, and 6,500 logistics vehicles at its disposal.
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