The orchid may be one of the most famous flowers in the world. They are also surrounded by myths about how difficult it is to try to grow. They have a unique look, but the truth is that many varieties are not difficult to grow, and you can even grow your own. And yes, you can make them bloom again and again.
Of course, like all plants, they need specific conditions to grow well, but their needs are different. Many people are surprised to find that, from deserts to temperate rainforests, there may even be native species in your area.
How to Cultivate It
Orchids, contrary to popular myths, are really easy to grow! The key is to try to replicate your natural growing environment.
These include sufficient but not direct sunlight, moisture, water, and ventilation. However, unlike ordinary flowers, orchids do not grow in normal soil mixes.
In nature, orchids grow on trees in rainforests or on the ground between rocks under trees. Therefore, growing orchids means replicating these conditions at home.
It usually grows on coconut bark, moss, or husk, rather than on normal soil mixtures. There are also special double orchid pots to make this process easier and more orderly. When planting outdoors, it is best to put it in a place near the tree or in the yard. At home, you can plant them on a window sill facing west or east. There must be a lot of humidity in there.
This is usually done by placing a plate of water and some stones under the orchid pot or container.
Can improve air circulation through low- speed oscillation diversion to improve ventilation. Similarly, if natural light is a problem, artificial light from a white light source will work well.
Caring and Maintaining Of Your Orchard
Feed the orchids once a month with soluble fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and traces of iron. During active growth, start with a higher proportion of nitrogen and then switch to more phosphorous and potassium. Remember to water them before feeding them.
When the roots grow out of the container or the container wears out, it is necessary to change the pot. Only broadcast when your orchid is not blooming. Watch for spots, yellowing, or wilting of the leaves. Wilting is usually a sign of a lack of water. Stains or discoloration can indicate sunburn, excessive watering, or infection, although the latter rarely occurs.
Best Orchid Varieties
It has approximately 30, 000 orchids and more than 200, 000 hybrid varieties. It is easy to get overwhelmed even if you consider planting them, but as long as you choose the right one, you have a great chance of success.
Because there are so many varieties, we will narrow them down to the best varieties that are most suitable for orchid growers. Feel free to explore and experiment with other varieties, especially if there are native orchids in your area, as they are adapted to your specific climate.
Paphiopedilum: The Lady' s Slipper or Slipper Orchid is one of the easiest orchids for beginners to grow. This is the one you often see for sale in supermarkets and farmers' markets. It is a terrestrial species with long- lasting flowers in a variety of colors.
Cymbidium: Marine orchids are ideal for beginners because they have large flowers and are not as cumbersome as other varieties. They are native to Asia and can tolerate cooler temperatures better than many other orchids. It is a good outdoor variety in temperate regions.
Phalaenopsis: If you have received a gift of potted orchids, it is likely to be this popular beginner variety. Phalaenopsis, sometimes called phalaenopsis, come in many colors, and although they look fragile, they are very strong. These are epiphytes, but they grow well in indoor potted plants because they like heat, humidity, and a lot of food.
Oncidium: It is quite easy to grow. The swaying flowers of this orchid look like dancing girls jumping in the air, giving this plant the nickname dancing orchid. They grow rapidly and require five to eight hours of light every day.
Brassavola: If you want to try installing Orchid as a beginner, this is for you. It is very fragrant and suitable for potted plants. It is more drought tolerant than most varieties.
Dendrobium: I like this beginner' s one, as it is easy to start with. It is perfect because you don' t have to port it often perhaps every two or three years because it hates to be disturbed. It likes to take root in the pot and despises wet feet.
Phaius Tankervilleae: It has many varieties, but grows upright and compact. As we all know, it is four feet tall and impressive.
How to Control Pests and diseases
There can be many problems when growing orchids, but these are the most common problems that beginners face.
Bud Blast: If your flower buds dry out or fall off for no reason, you may be suffering from flower buds. This can be due to improper watering, insufficient or excessive light, or incorrect humidity. Research the preferred conditions of the plants and recreate them as carefully as possible.
Common Pests and diseases
Root Rot: Orchids hate getting their roots wet in undrained soil. Your plant will turn yellow, as if it is not receiving enough nutrients. Check if the roots are black and soft. Cut off affected roots and replant them in a new medium. So be careful how much water you give it.
Bacterial spoilage: Bacterial spoilage plants resemble plants that are overwatered. The leaves and stems may wilt, turn yellow, or become soft. Remove the orchid from the container, wash off the existing medium, and then transplant it into a clean medium. Next, spray treatment with copper bactericide.
Mealybugs: Mealybugs are small suckers that can damage
orchids and leave molasses deposits. Your orchid looks like a small piece of cotton in it. Use neem oil and a small amount of pyrethrum to get a dripping effect.
Thrips: Spotted leaves and closed flowers may be signs of thrips. I found that insecticidal soap can control these pests.
Spider mites: You may not see mites because they are too small. However, you may see their small network. The small yellow or brown spots on the leaves usually come from spider mites.
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