Lifestyle is an essential factor in health. Unhealthy behaviour can lead to illness, disability and even death. Recent medical reports show that there has been a rise in health-related issues like metabolic diseases, joint and skeletal problems, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension and obesity. Research has proven that a healthy lifestyle like appropriate diet, satisfactory physical fitness level and a healthy weight can provide health benefits. In summary, for many of us, the modern lifestyle and the stress it causes affects our physical, psychological and social health. Hence, it has become vital to understand the relationship and maintain the right balance.
Various Modern Lifestyle habits that influence health:-
1. Unhealthy Diet
Diet is the most crucial factor in lifestyle and has a direct relation with health. The way people eat has also changed from before. Earlier, the diet used to include a lot of vegetables and fruits which gave nutritional value. With the fast-paced modern lifestyle, the diet has also become fast. In a competitive world, people have no time to cook meals or sit and eat slowly. As a result, people resort to fast-foods, frozen foods loaded with preservatives and skip on healthy nutritious food. This gives rise to unwanted diseases and afflictions. Obesity is on the rise and has become a chronic problem, along with diabetes and high blood pressure. Based on a study from NHFS, the number of obese people in India has doubled in the past ten years. Other bodies are relying on medicines and supplements rather than real nourishing food.
2. Lack of physical fitness or exercise
Along with poor eating habits, lack of physical fitness is a significant problem in modern lifestyle. When it is together, it can cause damage to a person's health. The study from WHO tells that around 60-85% of the worldwide population does not engage in enough physical activity. So, why are we more sedentary now than fifty years ago? The answer is simple, technology because it results in more inactive modes of transport. It is one of the factors that lead to an increase in sedentary lifestyle and more sitting activities. Additionally, people do not have time because they are working more in a competitive world. So, how to relieve stress? The best way is to exercise regularly and work on your holistic wellness.
3. Lack of sleep
Many aspects of modern lifestyle like television, computer screens, longer commutes, the blurring of the line between work and personal time have contributed to sleep deprivation. For a healthy lifestyle, a person requires a minimum of seven hours of good sleep. Sleep deprivation prevents the body to strengthen the immune system and produce cytokines to fight infection. This means a person takes a longer time to recover from illness and increases the risk of chronic illness. It also affects body weight and leads to obesity. Lack of sleep can also lead to diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
4. Substance Abuse
The modern-day addiction of alcohol, nicotine and many more carcinogenic substances has become a pursuit of pleasure. The easy availability of temptations along with constant stress results in an unprecedented epidemic of addiction, depression, anxiety and chronic disease.
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