It is a bushy shrub that can reach a height of 3 meters. The leaves have a delicate hairy texture and have a greyish-green color. When young, the stems are hollow, slightly ridged, and hairy.
The flower heads resemble sunflowers, but the centers are yellow. It's a fast-growing plant that's utilized as a garden adornment, a green manure in agroforestry, and a folder crop for goats and cattle.
Anti-inflammatory, anti-malaria, and antidiabetic activities are among the plant's constituents. It also has anti-diarrhea and analgesic effects, as well as phytochemicals including flavonoids, tannis, and alkaloids, which aid with constipation, stomach pains, indigestion, and liver problems.
To relieve a stomachache, mash a handful of fresh leaves and steep them in a litre of warm water, then mix to cool. Then, for adults, drink 1 glass three times a day (x3), and for children, drink a quarter to a half glass depending on their age starting at four years.
It grows primarily along roadsides and in disturbed places. It's common in East Africa, and it's fast spreading through ecosystems like grasslands, disturbed lands, and riparian zones (the banks of water courses).
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