When one is arrested, they are to be taken to Court to take a plea within 24 hours of their arrest as it is their constitutional right. Another right an accused person is entitled to, is to make contact with their lawyer to make arrangements such as bail and representation. However, One can opt to be represented by a lawyer or represent themselves. Some cases due to their complex nature such as Murder and Robbery with Violence, the court appoints an experienced and knowledgeable lawyer to represent such a person.
However there are some instances and situations where one can opt to represent themselves;
An accused person can afford to hire a lawyer, but don't do so because they think the likely punishment is not severe enough to justify the expense.
An accused person may plan to plead guilty to an offence whose sentence is minimal, and they realise that hiring a lawyer is of little value. In the instance of a traffic offense, most plead guilty in such offenses.
An accused person held in remand may be brought to court at a very short notice at a time when they are unable to arrange for a lawyer to represent them.
An accused person may also believe in their capacity to articulate their own defence and therefore not be satisfied with any case that other people can mount on their behalf in a criminal proceeding and opt to represent themselves.
Self-represented defendants may also not be bound by lawyers' ethical codes and that means that a defendant may exploit some of leverage given to non-lawyers in court to make a convincing case in their favour than if they are represented by a counsel.
The other advantage of representing yourself is the opportunity to truly say what you feel rather than having your views filtered through an advocate.
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