HIV is a life-threatening virus that targets the immune system and weakens the body's ability to fight infections. If the virus infects the body, it leads to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). When this happens, immune system is badly harmed and it cannot fight even the 'weakest' infections. The body becomes more susceptible to opportunistic infections like pneumonia and tuberculosis which can lead to death. Photo: Courtesy
However, HIV can be treated with anti retroviral drugs. The ARVs inhibit the virus's action and keep it under control by preventing mutation and boosting the immune system. These medications can suppress the virus to undetectable levels with rigorous therapeutic follow-ups. This makes the virus in the patient's blood to be too low to transmit to a healthy individual. Patients in this stage are the only ones who although living with the virus cannot transmit it.
It's not always the case that a victim's viral load is undetected. If the person stops taking the medication, the virus load can rise again. As a result, the person must continue with the therapy to keep the infections and other diseases at bay.
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