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Disease prevention and treatment

Signs, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Many people with gonorrhea have no trusted source.

 symptoms. Those who do often experience a burning sensation during urination.

Males may also experience:

  • white, green, or yellow discharge from the penis
  • pain or swelling in the testicles
  • inflammation or swelling of the foreskin

Females may also experience increased vaginal discharge and bleeding between periods.Other causes in female are:

Rectal symptoms may also occur if a person has anal sex. These may include:

  • discharge
  • itching around the anus
  • soreness
  • bleeding
  • pain during bowel movements

If gonorrhea results from oral sex, the person may have a throat infection, but they might not notice any symptoms.

Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection, and if semen or vaginal fluid that contains this bacteria enters the eye, the person may develop conjuctivities,commonly called pinkeye.

Diagnosis

A person might receive a diagnosis of gonorrhea if they see a doctor because they have had symptoms or because they suspect that they have been exposed to the infection.

The doctor will ask the person about their symptoms and medical history. They will also order a test, which might require a urine sample or a swab of the penis, cervix, urethra, anus, or throat.

A person using a home kit sends their sample to a lab and receives the results directly. If the result is positive, they need to see a doctor for treatment, and the doctor may wish to do another test to confirm the result.

It is crucial to use the kit exactly as instructed or the result may not be accurate. Because the tests can vary in accuracy, it is better to see a healthcare provider, if possible.

If one person has a diagnosis of gonorrhea, their sexual partner or partners should also receive testing.

Treatment

Anyone with gonorrhea needs treatment to stop the infection from progressing. The treatment typically involves antibiotics.

It cannot repair any problems that the infection has already caused, so it is important to receive treatment as soon as possible.

They recommend a single dose of 250 milligrams of intramuscular ceftriaxone (Rocephin) and 1 gram of oral azithromycin (Zithromax). These are different types of antibiotics.

The CDC urge people to take all the medication that a doctor prescribes and to avoid sharing it with anyone else.

However, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the bacteria that cause gonorrhea, have developed resistance to nearly all the antibiotics that doctors have traditionally used to treat it.

This resistance is making gonorrhea increasingly difficult to treat. If a person does not notice any improvement in their symptoms after several days, they should return to their healthcare provider. They may need further testing to determine whether the treatment is working.

A person should also attend any follow-up appointments and avoid having sex until a healthcare provider says that it is safe to do so.

If gonorrhea occurs during pregnancy, it is essential to let the healthcare team know. The infection can pass on to the baby during delivery, so the newborn will usually need antibiotics right away.

Some newborns develop conjunctivitis, and gonorrhea is one possible cause. The symptoms usually appear two to four days after birth and include red eyes, thick pus in the eyes, and swollen eyelids.

If any of these symptoms arise, seek medical attention immediately. They can also result from a more serious condition, such as meningitis or bacteremia.

Content created and supplied by: SaimoMuInno (via Opera News )

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