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How Diabetes Inspidus can result in dehydration and coma if untreated.

Diabetes Inspidus is a condition in which there ls a problem with the production of Antidiuretic hormone.

In this disease,the kidneys are not able to conserve water and is a different disease to Diabetes mellitus.


Antidiuretic hormone is a chemical released in the brain that causes the brain to release less water,deacreasing the amount of urine produced.A high level of this hormone causes the body to produce less urine.

Factors which increase the risk of getting Diabetes Inspidus include:

*Brain injury.

*A family history of Diabetes Inspidus.

*Head injury.

*Infection of the brain.

*Kidney disease.

*Head injury.

*Pituitary disorders.

*Hypothalamic injury.


*Head tumours.

*Diseases such as Langerhans cell histiocytosis.

*High levels of calcium in the blood.

*Low levels of potassium in the blood.

* Certain medications.


There are four types of Diabetes Inspidus that is:

* Central diabetes inspidus-a disorder characterised by excessive thirst and caused by damage to the hypothalamus or pituitary gland.

*Nephrogenic diabetes inspidus-a disorder of water balance caused by lithium.

*Dipsogenic diabetes inspidus-it is not related to ADH and caused by drinking too much fluid due to damage in the mechanism that makes a person feel thirsty causing a feeling of thirstiness when fluids aren't required.

Some of the symptoms of Diabetes Inspidus are:

*Being extremely thirsty.

*Producing large amounts of pale urine.

*Muscle pain.

*Dehydration.

*Weakness.

*Pale,colourless urine.

*Preference for cold drinks.

*Bed wetting.


In children the condition can cause

*Drinking a lot of water.

*Low energy.

*Bed wetting.

*Vomiting.

*Delayed growth.

*Peeing slot.

*Fever.

*Trouble sleeping.

If untreated Diabetes Inspidus can cause complications such as an Electrolyte imbalance and dehydration and eventually coma due to concentration of salts in the blood.

Content created and supplied by: MaclayN (via Opera News )

Diabetes Inspidus

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