Diabetes is a chronic endocrine disorder characterised by low or no insulin produced by the pancrrase. This could be as a result of pancreatic insufficiency or pancreatic death.When insulin levels are low, blood glucose levels rise. Insulin acts as a key to open the door so that glucose can enter into cells. Without this key, glucose can't find its way into the cells but rather builds up in the blood.
This excessive glucose damages blood vessel lumen causing them to narrow. This may lead to hypertension. As it damages blood capillaries supplying the eye retina, this may lead to blindness.Lack of enough blood supply to the periphery like the foot, leads to gangrene and amputation, which is common in diabetics.
Since diabetic is a chronic debilitating illness, the body responses by secreting a steroid hormone called cortisol from the adrenal glands. Cortisol is a long term stress hormone. It has many effects but high levels of cortisol are dangerous. It leads to generalised immunosuppression. This is seen manifested in chronic non- healing leg ulcers and other infections such as pneumonias which take a longer duration to heal.
Avoid sedentary lifestyle as this is a major risk factor to diabetes, do exercises regularly and be sure not to consume bad fats. Health is your greatest wealth.
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