A huge percent of patients who visit hospitals on a daily basis have hypertension. Most of them don’t even know, but actually go to hospital for other reasons and get diagnosed by accident.
Hypertension, rarely has noticeable symptoms. But if untreated, it increases your risk of serious problems such as heart attacks, heart failure, strokes, vision loss, sexual dysfunction & kidney failure.
Having a high blood pressure on one reading isn't a confirmation of Hypertension. Your health care provider will likely take 3 - 4 BP readings each at 3 or more separate appointments before diagnosing you with Hypertension. This is because blood pressure normally varies throughout the day, and it may be elevated during visits to the hospital.
Laboratory tests are done for hypertension which include urinalysis, blood cell count, blood chemistry (potassium, sodium, total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol), and an Electrocardiogram.
There are two main types of Hypertension; Primary hypertension which has has no known cause but may be linked to family genes, lack of exercise, bad diet, etc and secondary one which maybe be caused by conditions such as kidney disease, thyroid problems, etc.
Here are five important symptoms of high BP you shouldn't forget; headache, nosebleeds, dizziness, chest pains, shortness of breath.
So, what should you do to reduce your chances of having high BP;
-Bring your weight within normal range
-Reduce alcohol intake
-Eat plenty of fruits & vegetables
-Stop Panicking or Over Thinking
What things can increase your risk of having High BP?
Being above 65 years, stress, being black, overweight or obese, family history, lack of exercise, smoking, alcohol abuse, eating too much salt & kidney disease.
If you are 20 - 30 years with no history of hypertension, it is advisable that you check your BP at least once every 2 years. If you're 40 years and above or you're 18-39 years with a high risk of hypertension, check your BP at least once every year.
If you already have high blood pressure, eat foods with less salt, more fruits & veggies, exercise often, take your BP drugs, reduce stress, have enough sleep, don't smoke, limit alcohol, have a home BP monitor, reduce your salt intake.
Information courtesy of @ChiefPharmacst
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