Acid reflux; which happens when stomach acid runs back into the oesophagus can cause heartburn as a symptom. Heartburn often manifests as a chest-based burning feeling behind the breastbone. Other signs of acid reflux include regurgitation, trouble swallowing and a sour taste in the mouth.
It frequently happens after consuming a substantial meal, acidic foods or drinks like coffee or soda. Additionally, laying down or bending over might cause heartburn since these positions make it easier for stomach acid to flow back into the oesophagus. Heartburn often lasts for a short while and may be treated at home.
A burning feeling in the chest or throat and a sour taste in the mouth are the two most typical heartburn symptoms. Heartburn may be accompanied by nausea or vomiting and could result in a sense of pressure or heaviness in the chest.
Stomach acid traveling back up into the oesophagus is what causes heartburn. The muscle that divides the oesophagus from the stomach is called the lower oesophageal sphincter. This muscle relaxes to let food and liquids into the stomach and contracts to stop the passage of the stomach's acidic contents back into the oesophagus.
Heartburn is a condition that can be made worse by specific lifestyle choices such as consuming particular foods and drinks, eating large meals, lying down or leaning over right after eating and so on. Foods that fall into this category include fried or fatty foods, spicy foods, citrus fruits, tomatoes, chocolate, mints, coffee or soda.
Additionally, weight and pregnancy also raise the risk of a heartburn. Antacids, H-blockers, and proton pump inhibitors are examples of over-the-counter drugs that can be used to treat heartburn at home. Both prescription and over-the-counter versions of these drugs are offered.
Heartburn can be treated with a change in diet and lifestyle factors including losing weight.
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