Plastic surgery refers to the range of procedures that are applied to the body mainly for "perfection" in case the the procedure is successful. But it may come a time when the procedure is not successful and bring some complications to the body. Therefore, here are some of the common complications that usually occur to the body if plastic surgery is unsuccessful.
Hematoma is a pocket of blood that resembles a large, painful bruise. It occurs in one percent of breast augmentation procedures. It’s also the most common complication after a facelift, occurring in an average of 1 percent of patients. It occurs more commonly in males than females.
Hematoma is a risk in nearly all surgeries. Treatment sometimes includes additional operations to drain the blood if the collection of blood is large or growing rapidly. This may require another procedure in the operating room and sometimes additional anesthetic.
It is a condition that occurs when serum or sterile body fluid, pools beneath the surface of the skin resulting in swelling and sometimes pain. This can occur after any surgery and it’s the most common complication following a tummy tuck, occurring in 20 percent of patients.
Because seromas can become infected, they’re often drained with a needle. This effectively removes them, although there’s a chance of recurrence.
3. Blood loss
As with any surgery, some blood loss is expected. However, uncontrolled blood loss can lead to a drop in blood pressure with potentially deadly outcomes.
Blood loss can happen while on the operating table, but also internally after surgery.
Though postoperative care includes steps to reduce the risk of infection, it remains one of the more common complications of plastic surgery.
For instance, infections occur in 1.2 to 2.5 percent trusted source of people who undergo breast augmentation.
The skin infection cellulitis may occur after surgery. In some cases, infections can be internal and severe, requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics.
5. Nerve damage
The potential for nerve damage is present in many different types of surgical procedures. Numbness and tingling are common after plastic surgery and can be signs of nerve damage. Most often the nerve damage is temporary, but in some cases it can be permanent.
Most women experience a change in sensitivity after breast augmentation surgery, and 15 percent experience permanent changes in nipple sensation.
6. Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism
Deep vain thrombosis (DVT) is a condition where blood clots form in deep veins, usually in the leg. When these clots break off and travel to the lungs, it’s known as pulmonary embolism (PE).
These complications are relatively uncommon, affecting only 0.09 percent of all patients undergoing plastic surgery. However, these clots can be fatal.
7. Organ damage
Liposuction can be traumatic for the internal organs.
Visceral perforations or punctures can occur when the surgical probe comes into contact with internal organs. Repairing these injuries can require additional surgery. The perforations may also be fatal.
Surgery typically results in some scarring. Since cosmetic surgery seeks to improve the way you look, scars can be particularly troubling.
Hypertrophic scaring, for instance, is an abnormally red and thick raised scar. Along with smooth, hard keloid scars, it occurs in 1 to 3.7 percent of tummy tucks.
9. General appearance dissatisfaction
Most people are satisfied with their postoperative outcomes and research suggests most women are satisfied with breast augmentation surgery. But disappointment with the results is a real possibility. People who undergo breast surgery may experience contouring or asymmetry problems, while those undergoing facial surgeries could simply not like the result.
10. Complications of anesthesia
Anesthesia is the use of medication to make you unconscious. It allows patients to undergo surgery without feeling the procedure.
General anesthesia can sometimes lead to complications. These include lung infections, stroke, heart attack and death. Anesthesia awareness or waking up in the middle of surgery, is very rare but also possible.
More common anesthesia risks include:
nausea and vomiting
waking up confused and disoriented
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