A social problem is basically considered as any condition or behavior that leaves a negative impact on a large number of people and is generally known as a condition or behavior that needs to be addressed. A social problem simply emerges when a social entity begins to call attention to either a condition or behavior that it really or greatly perceives to be undesirable and in need have remedied. It tries to influence the public perception of the problem, the cause of the problem, and the possible solution towards that problem. (Tsai.2017).
An example of a social problem is poverty and homelessness.
Poverty and homelessness: Becoming homeless is not a one-off event, it is usually caused by a series of unresolved problems that normally build up over and over in a span of time. A family or an individual can be pushed in the streets in one trigger. Many people find themselves being homeless due to an addiction or simply because of poor financial management techniques. Basically, homelessness is the biggest sign of poverty in society. It’s after a family fails to afford all the basic necessities and is forced to make some difficult choices.
Living in poverty leads to stress and trauma that can drive one to breakdown. This may include alcohol, drug, or gambling addictions. in this case; those battling with addictions develop a habit after losing their homes
Causes of homelessness.
The cause of homelessness normally reflects in an intricate interplay between structural factors, system failures, and individual circumstances. It’s usually the result of cumulative impacts of the number of factors instead of a single cause.
Structural factors: These are the economic and societal issues that affect opportunities and social environments for individuals. The key factors in this structure include the lack of sufficient income, access to economic housing and health support, or the experience of prejudice.
Housing: Shortage of housing that’s safe, stable, and affordable can directly contribute to homelessness. Millions of families living in houses that pay more than 50% of their income are at a high risk of getting into homelessness. The most impactful factor is the lack of affordable housing worldwide. However, discrimination can still lead to poverty. When the demand for housing rapidly increases, more and more people tend to flock up to the cities, and as a result the rent skyrockets. This leaves the low-income earners having no choice but to decide to live in their cars or in shelters.
Mental health issues: homelessness has been linked with mental health issues however this is always overlooked.80% of homeless people had been linked with mental problems. Basically having a mental illness or addiction can make a person more vulnerable to homelessness and always makes it more difficult to find permanent housing. The lack of stable housing can also exacerbate mental health and addiction issues.
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