Its a metabolic disease casuse by high blood sugar level.
It affects people of all ages both adolescents and adults.
Types of diabetes include ;
its autoimmune whereby the pacrease cells producing insulin are destroyed.
it occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin leading to build up of sugars in the body .
It mostly occur in pregnant women ,it can be either be induced or pre-existing .
•Wounds that don't heal
Symptoms in both genders include;
•Poor muscle strength
•Risk of urinary tract infection
•Dry itchy skin
1.Hba1c, measures the average blood sugar levels over the past 2 to 3 months
2.Fasting blood sugar test
3.Random blood sugar test
4.Glucose tolerance test
1.Delayed wound healing
2.Neuropathy (Nerve damage)
5.Kidney damage (Nephropathy)
9.Cardiovascular diseases like atherosclerosis.
Injectible insulin ,it exist in four types namely;
starts to work within 15mins and its effects lasts for 3 to 4 hours
which works at around 30 mins and it effects begins at 6 to 8 hours
it last for 12 to 18 hours
it works a few hours after injection and lasts for 24 hours .
Alpha glucosidase inhibitors
1.Slows the body break down of sugars and starch ,example acarbose
Reduces the amount of glucose the liver makes ,it includes metformin (Glucophage)
Improve blood sugar by preventing it from being too low I.e linagliptin and saxagliptin
It stimulate the pacrease to release more insuline.
Examples includes Neteglinide and Rapaglinide.
Release glucose into urine.
Drugs used is dapagliflozin
1.Eat less food rich in carbohydrates and sugars
3.Cut down all alcoholic drinks and smoking.
4 .Avoid junky foods as this may lead to high cholesterol levels.
Always keep tract of your blood sugars.
Ensure that you stay hydrated all the time.
This is because increased urination leads to thirstiness.
In case of decreased sugar levels ensure that you take glucose or foods with sugars.
This would help raise the hypoglycemia state.
Take your medications in time without failing even a dose .
Leafy green vegetables are extremely nutritious for diabetic people.
Like ,comment and share to educate diabetic people .
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