HIV is a medical condition that attacks the body's immune system and weakens it. As a result, you become vulnerable to various infections.
After gaining access into your body system, the virus attacks CD4 helper cells which is also known as T cells, a group of white blood cells which play an instrumental role in body's immune system, to make copies of itself.
They are termed as helper cells since they trigger body's response to infection. In case of any pathogenic infection, these cells come into play.
To prevent the cells from initiating response, they get attacked by the virus before it takes it course in the body.
The virus attaches to the helper cells with an aim of altering their genetic structures so that they can proliferate at a rapid rate before they spread in the rest of the body.
When the helper cells have been weakened, the copies of the virus start to spread in the body. Consequently, you get predisposed to various opportunistic infections.
You are likely to experience headaches, fevers, and cold in the second week after infection. This stage is termed as acute HIV infection.
It will be a nice idea to go for HIV test before the immune system is thrown out of whack. The earlier, the better as this would prevent further risks.
Content created and supplied by: SamMunyaka (via Opera News )
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