Kidney infections most often result from an infection in your urinary tract that spreads to one or both kidneys. Kidney infections can be sudden or chronic. They’re often painful and can be life-threatening if not treated promptly. The medical term for a kidney infection is pyelonephritis.
Symptoms of kidney infection usually appear two days after infection. Your symptoms may vary, depending on your age. Common symptoms include:Pain in your abdomen, back, groin, or side,nausea or vomiting,frequent urination or the feeling that you have to urinateburning or pain while urinating,pus or blood in your urine,bad-smelling or cloudy urine,chills,fever
Children under two years old with a kidney infection may have only a high fever. People over sixty five may only have problems like mental confusion and jumbled speech.
If the infection is not treated promptly, symptoms could worsen, leading to sepsis. This can be life-threatening. Symptoms of sepsis include:
fever,chills,rapid breathing and heart rate,rashes
You have two fist sized kidneys in your upper abdomen, one on each side. They filter waste products out of your blood and into your urine. They also regulate the water and electrolytes contained in your blood. Kidney function is essential for your health.Most kidney infections are caused by bacteria or viruses that enter the kidneys from the urinary tract.These bacteria are found in your intestine and can enter the urinary tract through the urethra. The urethra is the tube that carries urine out from your body. The bacteria multiply and spread from there to the bladder and kidneys.
The treatment will depend on the severity of your kidney infection.If the infection is mild, oral antibiotics are the first line of treatment. Your doctor will prescribe antibiotic pills for you to take at home. The type of antibiotic may change once the results of your urine tests are known to something more specific to your bacterial infection.Usually you will need to continue taking antibiotics for two or more weeks. Your doctor may prescribe follow-up urine cultures after your treatment to make sure the infection is gone and has not returned. If necessary, you may get another course of antibiotics.
For a more serious infection, your doctor may keep you in the hospital to receive intravenous antibiotics and intravenous fluids.Sometimes surgery may be necessary to correct a blockage or problematic shape in your urinary tract. This will help prevent new kidney infections.
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