Note: All images that will be used in this article are for illustrative purpose.
The kidney is an essential organ present in every vertebrate animals body. The kidneys are meant for filtering minerals from the blood, promote and regulate bone health, producing hormones that aids in the production of red blood cells, maintaining fluid balance, etc.
One of the important part of the kidney is the nephrons. There are over one million nephrons present in the kidneys. The nephrons are responsible for removing wastes from filtered blood, taking the blood in, enhancing the metabolism of nutrients in the body.
The kidney is a very complicated organ with different parts like the bowman capsule, convoluted tubule, proximal convoluted tubule, renal tubules, loop of henle, ureter, calyces, distal renal cortex, glomerulus, renal pyramids, hilum, renal medulla, etc.
The toxins your kidneys encounter from different body parts increases your risk of kidney disease. The kidney becomes damages when it finds it difficult to perform its functions properly. Some kidney diseases are: kidney failure, kidney stones, glomerulonephritis, acute nephritis, callectasis, hydronephrosis, nephritic syndrome, acidosis, uremia, chronic kidney disease, polycystic kidney disease, kidney pyelonephritis, cysts, azotemia, urinary tract infections, etc.
When your kidney is damaged, your body will begin to give some signs. Some of the signs include:
1. Puffy eyes.
2. Muscle cramps.
3. Inability to eat the way you normally use to.
4. Frequent urination or less urination. You can also feel pain while urinating.
5. Finding it tough to concentrate.
6. Having itchy and dry skin.
7. Finding it difficult to sleep.
8. Swollen foot or ankle.
9. Blood in your urine.
10. Bubbly urine.
11. Getting easily tired.
There are risk factors that increases your chances of kidney diseases. Some of these risk factors may include:
1. Family health history.
3. Age factor.
7. Careless lifestyle.
Now your diet is among the key factors that affect the health of your kidney. The food you take into your stomach may either affect your health positively or negatively. If you know you really love your life and do care for your kidney, please stop the excessive intake of these 3 things.
1. Excessive intake of alcohol and constant smoking
Consumimg alcohol excessively is not suitable for your health and can destroy your kidney. Alcohol can destroy the kidney and even cause liver cirrhosis because of the high amount of ethanol it contains. Some alcoholic drinks also contain high amount of sugar which can lead to diabetes and also increase your risk for chronic kidney disease.
Too much smoking is also not good for your health because it increases your risk for chronic kidney disease. Study have shown that those who smoke cigarettes excessively have a big chance of kidney disease.
2. Excessive intake of painkillers
Painkiller drugs are very important for relieving yourself of aches and pains. These painkiller drugs can be very harmful to your kidney and entire health when you abuse them. Heeding strictly to the doctor’s prescription when these drugs are administered to you is very important.
3. Excessive intake of salt and sugar
Salt is very good and add flavour to the food we cook but it can be harmful when you take it in high amount. Using too much of salt to cook your food can cause an imbalance of minerals in the blood. This will have an effect on the kidney as it will not function effectively. Salt contain too much of sodium and thus excessive intake of it increase your blood pressure which will also affect the kidney.
Sugar is a hypertonic solvent which can harm the kidney also. Too much sugar intake increases your blood sugar level and can cause diabetes which is one of the major risk factors for kidney disease. Excess intake of sugar can equally cause obesity, hence avoiding exceeds of it is a better option.
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