Sign in
Download Opera News App



Health Living


Disease prevention and treatment

What You Need To Know About Early Signs of HIV In Men

HIV is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system, destroying a specific type of cell that helps the body fight off infections and diseases.

With effective treatment of anti retroviral medication, people with HIV can live healthy lives without the risk of transmitting the virus to others.

In men, initial HIV symptoms are typically unspecific. Early symptoms are usually bearable and frequently mistaken for flu or another mild condition. People may easily underestimate them or mistake them for minor health conditions.

Men can experience flu-like symptoms some days to weeks after contracting the virus, which may include:


-a sore throat

-skin rashes



Some of the less symptoms includes;

-swollen lymph nodes

-nausea and vomiting

-night sweating

-ulcers in the genital

-ulcers in the mouth

-pain in the joints.

HIV progress through three stages

Acute phase(Stage 1)

Acute phase occurs 2 to 4 weeks after transmission, acute phase is hard to notice. Symptoms are similar to flu and may include fever, sickness, and chills. Some people do not realize that they have the virus because their symptoms are mild and they do not feel sick.

At this stage, a person will have a significant amount of virus in their bloodstream, which means that it is easy to pass it on.

Clinical latency(stage 2)

At this stage, it is marked by an absence of symptoms, which is why medical professionals may also refer to this phase as the asymptomatic phase.

At this stage, a medication called anti retroviral therapy (ART) can control the virus, meaning that HIV does not progress. It also means that people are less likely to transmit the virus to others.

While the virus is still reproducing in the bloodstream, it may do so at levels that healthcare professionals cannot detect. If someone has undetectable levels of the virus for at least 6 months, they cannot pass the virus to others via sex.

AIDS(stage 3)

This is the most severe stage, during which the amount of virus in the body has devastated the body’s population of immune cells. Symptoms include;


-weight loss



-swollen lymph nodes.

At this stage, the immune system is very weakened. This allows opportunistic infections to invade the body.

Doctors diagnose HIV in both men and women by testing a blood or saliva sample, although they could also test a urine sample. This test looks for antibodies produced by the person to fight the virus. The test typically takes around 3 to 12 weeks to detect antibodies.

Another test looks for HIV antigens, which are substances that the virus produces immediately after transmission. These antigens cause the immune system to activate. HIV produces the p24 antigen in the body even before antibodies develop.

Men who are sexually active should get tested for HIV at least once in their lifetime as part of their routine health care.

Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can help slow the progression of the virus and significantly improve quality of life.

Content created and supplied by: Giddyngenoh (via Opera News )



Load app to read more comments