HIV is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system, destroying a specific type of cell that helps the body fight off infections and diseases.
With effective treatment of anti retroviral medication, people with HIV can live healthy lives without the risk of transmitting the virus to others.
In men, initial HIV symptoms are typically unspecific. Early symptoms are usually bearable and frequently mistaken for flu or another mild condition. People may easily underestimate them or mistake them for minor health conditions.
Men can experience flu-like symptoms some days to weeks after contracting the virus, which may include:
-a sore throat
Some of the less symptoms includes;
-swollen lymph nodes
-nausea and vomiting
-ulcers in the genital
-ulcers in the mouth
-pain in the joints.
HIV progress through three stages
Acute phase(Stage 1)
Acute phase occurs 2 to 4 weeks after transmission, acute phase is hard to notice. Symptoms are similar to flu and may include fever, sickness, and chills. Some people do not realize that they have the virus because their symptoms are mild and they do not feel sick.
At this stage, a person will have a significant amount of virus in their bloodstream, which means that it is easy to pass it on.
Clinical latency(stage 2)
At this stage, it is marked by an absence of symptoms, which is why medical professionals may also refer to this phase as the asymptomatic phase.
At this stage, a medication called anti retroviral therapy (ART) can control the virus, meaning that HIV does not progress. It also means that people are less likely to transmit the virus to others.
While the virus is still reproducing in the bloodstream, it may do so at levels that healthcare professionals cannot detect. If someone has undetectable levels of the virus for at least 6 months, they cannot pass the virus to others via sex.
This is the most severe stage, during which the amount of virus in the body has devastated the body’s population of immune cells. Symptoms include;
-swollen lymph nodes.
At this stage, the immune system is very weakened. This allows opportunistic infections to invade the body.
Doctors diagnose HIV in both men and women by testing a blood or saliva sample, although they could also test a urine sample. This test looks for antibodies produced by the person to fight the virus. The test typically takes around 3 to 12 weeks to detect antibodies.
Another test looks for HIV antigens, which are substances that the virus produces immediately after transmission. These antigens cause the immune system to activate. HIV produces the p24 antigen in the body even before antibodies develop.
Men who are sexually active should get tested for HIV at least once in their lifetime as part of their routine health care.
Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can help slow the progression of the virus and significantly improve quality of life.
Content created and supplied by: Giddyngenoh (via Opera News )
Opera News is a free to use platform and the views and opinions expressed herein are solely those of the author and do not represent, reflect or express the views of Opera News. Any/all written content and images displayed are provided by the blogger/author, appear herein as submitted by the blogger/author and are unedited by Opera News. Opera News does not consent to nor does it condone the posting of any content that violates the rights (including the copyrights) of any third party, nor content that may malign, inter alia, any religion, ethnic group, organization, gender, company, or individual. Opera News furthermore does not condone the use of our platform for the purposes encouraging/endorsing hate speech, violation of human rights and/or utterances of a defamatory nature. If the content contained herein violates any of your rights, including those of copyright, and/or violates any the above mentioned factors, you are requested to immediately notify us using via the following email address operanews-external(at)opera.com and/or report the article using the available reporting functionality built into our Platform See More