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Disease prevention and treatment

What is TB? What are its Signs and Symptoms and Who is at Risk of Getting Infected?

Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection caused by a bacteria known as mycobacterium tuberculosis.

It is spread from one person to another through inhalation of droplets.

TB affects all body parts except the nails and the hair.

It mostly affects the lungs causing pulmonary tuberculosis. Other parts which it affects are; beringer causing TB meningitis, the spine,the abdomen, the ovaries and many other parts of the body.

However it is a preventable and curable disease.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Pulmonary Tuberculosis( PTB)

1. Cough - most people will present with chronic cough which has been treated severally with antibiotics a without improvement. Initially for one to suspect TB the cough should have lasted for 2 weeks but currently it's cough of any duration.

2. Night sweats- referred to as drenching night sweats. That is, one soaks their beddings with sweat at night.

3. Weight loss- of about 10% of your body weight. Many things can cause weight loss including exercise but TB is high on the list.

4. Chest pains- if you're experiencing chest pains, then that is a signal something is wrong.

5. Fatigue- always feeling tired.

6. Hemoptysis- means coughing out blood or coughing out blood tinged sputum.

7. Having fevers or hotness of the body.

What are the Risk Factors of Getting Infected With Pulmonary Tuberculosis?

People with Diabetes mellitus have a 3 fold risk of developing tuberculosis.

•People who are immunosuppressed are at high risk of getting infected with Tuberculosis. Such immunosuppressive states include; the HIV infected, with with cancers and those on immunosuppressive treatments

•Children below 5 years are also at a risk of acquiring tuberculosis.

•If you have had contact with a person with tuberculosis,your risk chances are high since TB is airborne and is spread from one person to another.

•Cigarette smoking is also a risk factor.

•Low body weight or underweight is a risk factor. Obesity is associated with a low risk of acquiring tuberculosis

•Those with end stage renal disease or chronic kidney disease are also at risk.

•People of low socio-economic status are at risk of getting tuberculosis.

Prevention of pulmonary tuberculosis

•Isolation-those who test positive should be isolated as they get treatment for about two weeks to avoid spreading g the disease to other people.

•Avoid overcrowding.

•vaccination-always ensure that all children receive the BCG vaccine at birth.

•Screening for tuberculosis at health facilities.

Content created and supplied by: Gladysnduku5 (via Opera News )



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