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Spread of Ebola in Africa, signs and symptoms

Have you ever known what is Ebola and how it is a deadly disaster? Africa is one among the continent that has severely been affected by this disease. Now let's look what is this disease.

Ebola is a virus that causes problems with how your blood clots. It is also known as hemorrhagic fever virus because the clotting problems leads to internal bleeding as a blood leaks from your blood vessels in your body. This virus also causes inflammation and tissue damage. There is five different species of the virus that have been found.

Ebola is spread through - direct contact with body fluids blood saliva, sweat, tears, mucus, vomit, faeces, breast milk, urine and semen of people infected with the virus. The disease can also be spread by touching the things that have contaminated with this fluids.

Since the introduction of the Ebola, the studies had come out with the key fact as bellow, it is one of the numerous hemorrhagic virus. Case fatality rates have been varied from 20-90 percent in the past outbreak. The average case fatality rate is around 50 percent. Ebola first appeared in 1976 in two simultaneous outbreaks in Africa. It has been noted that the virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in human beings population through human to human transmission. The natural reservoir or host of this infectious disease remain unknown, however, the researchers consider the fruit bat as the most likely natural reservoir. When an infection does occurs to human beings it can be transmitted to others through› direct contact with the blood or secretions of an infected person,Exposing to objects such as needles, That have been contaminated with infected secretions.Serverely ill patients requires intensive supportive care. There is no licensed treatment is available or vaccine for use in purpose of animals. Be careful because the disease can affect everybody.

Know you have known what causes the disease, let now have a look on the signs and symptoms of the Ebola Virus Disease. The symptoms of Ebola may appear anywhere from 2nd to 21 days after contact with the virus, with the average of 8-10 days. The course of the illness typically progresses from “dry symptoms” initially such as fever, aches, pain and fatigue. It then progresses to wet symptoms such as diarrhea and vomiting as the patient becomes sicker.

Primary signs and symptoms of Ebola often include some or several of the following, fever, aches and pains such as severe headache muscles and joints pains, weakness and fatigue, sore throat, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, diarrhea and vomiting. Unexplained hemorrhaging, bleeding or bruising, other symptoms may include red eyes, skin rash and other hiccups or late stage.

Ebola Virus Disease is a rare but severe and often deadly disease. Recovering from the Ebola depends on good supportive clinical care and the patient immune response. Studies shows that the survivors of Ebola virus infection have antibodies that can be detected in the blood for about ten years after recovery. Those who survive are thought to have some protective immunity to the type of Ebola that sickened them.

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