Acute bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial tubes. The bronchi are the two large tubes that carry air from the windpipe to the lungs.It is manifested by coughs and sometimes sputum may be present. There are two types of bronchitis that is
"Acute bronchitis which is more common and lasts a few weeks.
*Chronic bronchitis-it comes and goes and is more serious.It is a constant irritation and inflammation of the bronchial tubes.
Acute bronchitis is also called a chest cold, often developing from a cold or other respiratory infection. It is usually as a result of viruses the same ones that cause colds and flu but sometimes bacteria can cause it too.
Factors which increase the risk of a person getting bronchitis are smoking, asthma and other allergies, a weakened immune system, a family history of lung diseases, exposure to irritants, gastric reflux.
The symptoms of Acute bronchitis may include;
*Body aches and chills.
*Runny stuffy nose.
*Shortness of breath.
Most symptoms of Acute bronchitis last for upto 2 weeks. The doctor may carry out some tests to find out if you have bronchitis. These tests may include checking oxygen levels in the blood, blood tests, chest X ray, lung function test, test the mucus to rule out diseases caused by bacteria.
If untreated bronchitis can lead to pneumonia.Pneumonia is a types of Acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs. If untreated bronchitis can move from the airways into the lungs.
Washing hands frequently, avoiding smoking, covering your cough, wearing face masks, getting flu shots are some of the preventive measures.
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