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What You Need To Know About Carbs and Diabetes

Eating carbohydrates cab raise blood sugar levels.

A person living with diabetes need to understand the relationship between the condition and carbs so that they can make the best food choices for themselves.

The Relationship Between carbs and diabetes

If a person with diabetes has high blood sugar, it can cause them to experience serious complications. Eating carbohydrates can contribute to high blood sugar.

Carbs

The body breaks down digestive carbs into sugar. This will then enters the blood stream.

1. Simple carbs

This can cause blood glucose levels to rise very quickly. Simple carbs can include: fructose and glucose and can contain some vitamins and minerals.

2. Complex carbs

This slowly elevate blood sugar levels. These foods can contain vitamins, minerals and fiber.

These include starchy food such as white bread or white potatoes, which contain fewer beneficial ingredients.

The carbohydrates a person eats will affect their blood sugar and will help them understand how much insulin they need to receive.

A person with diabetes will need to keep an eye on their carb intake as part of their blood sugar monitoring.

They can aim to include carbs in their diet that contains other beneficial nutrients.

Blood sugar

People living with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes need to monitor their blood glucose levels.

Insulin

This is a naturally occuring hormone produced in the pancreas.

It breaks down sugar in the blood for use as energy.

If the body is not receiving insulin it can lead to elevated blood sugar which is harmful to an individual.

In type 1 diabetes, the person's body does not produce enough insulin.

In type 2 diabetes, a person's body is insensitive to insulin. It occurs later in life, mostly among individuals who have obesity.

Fiber

Benefits of fiber:

-adding weight loss

-increasing insulin sensitivity

-decreasing blood pressure and cholesterol.

Starch

Starch is found in vegetables, fruits and whole gains.

Sugars

One should avoid added sugar and refined sugars.

Foods that provide sugar and starch:

-tomatoes

-lettuce

-green beans.

Also include these in your daily meal plan:

-pumpkins

-brown rice

-black beans

-apples

-whole wheat bread

-sweet potatoes.

Risks

Hyperglycemia

Simple carbs can raise one's blood sugar levels quickly especially those with diabetes.

If untreated, it can cause ketoacidosis.

Causing diabetes

Eating too much carbs each day can increase a person's risk of diabetes. It can also cause metabolic disorder and cardiovascular disease.

Content created and supplied by: Giddyngenoh (via Opera News )

Carbs

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