Old age gives additional opportunities to spend time with family and loved ones, as well as the ability to try new activities or rekindle a long- forgotten passion. It is, nevertheless, characterized by a variety of health issues.
Arthritis affects people of all ages, including children, and is more common in people over 65 years old.
Arthritis is a condition in which one or more of your joints enlarge and become tender. Joint pain and stiffness are the most common symptoms of arthritis, which normally worsen with age. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the two most frequent kinds of arthritis.
Cartilage— the firm, slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones where they form a joint— breaks down as a result of osteoarthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is a condition in which the body' s immune system destroys the joints, starting with the joint lining.
Depending on the type of arthritis, different treatments are available. Treatments for arthritis are primarily aimed at reducing symptoms and improving quality of life. Analgesics, nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory medications (NSAIDs), and menthol or capsaicin lotions are some of the treatments offered.
Physical therapy might also help. A basic component of arthritis treatment is exercises that help strengthen the muscles around the afflicted joint.
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic condition characterized by high blood glucose level.
Diabetes comes in a variety of forms: Diabetes type 1 is an autoimmune illness. In the pancreas, where insulin is produced, the immune system attacks and destroys cells. It is unknown what is causing this attack. When your body develops resistance to insulin, sugar builds up in your blood, resulting in type 2 diabetes. When your blood sugar level is higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you have prediabetes.
Diabetes can have a wide range of effects on the body. Diabetes must be managed since it can lead to major health issues such as heart disease, stroke, kidney illness, eye problems, and nerve damage, which can lead to amputation. People with type 2 diabetes are also more likely to develop cancer and Alzheimer' s disease.
Diabetes in old age can be well managed and high quality of life can be maintained for a long time.
Oral health has a huge impact on the quality of life, overall health, and well- being of elderly individuals. Older persons are more likely to develop tooth loss, decay (dental caries), gum disease (periodontitis), dry mouth (xerostomia), and oral malignancies.
Poor oral health causes discomfort, which interferes with sleep and relaxation. It also has an impact on an elderly person' s appearance, self- esteem, and confidence, as well as their capacity to communicate effectively.
Some of the following oral health issues are more common among the elderly:
Denture- induced stomatitis: a common form of oral candidiasis (a yeast infection of the mouth). It is more common in elderly people, and in those who wear a complete upper denture.
Gum disease: Caused by plaque and made worse by food left in teeth, use of tobacco products, poor- fitting bridges and dentures, poor diets, and certain diseases, such as anemia, cancer, and diabetes, this is often a problem for older adults.
High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. It is a condition in which the blood vessels have abnormally high pressure for an extended period of time. The vessels transport blood from the heart to all regions of the body. The heart pumps blood into the veins every time it beats. The force of blood pushing against the walls of blood vessels (arteries) as it is pumped by the heart causes blood pressure. The heart has to work harder to pump blood when the pressure is high.
Strokes, heart attacks, and heart failure are the most common causes of death and disability in older persons, and poorly controlled hypertension is a key contribution.
Reduced and regulated mental stress, regular blood pressure checks and consultations with health specialists, treatment of high blood pressure, and management of other medical diseases are all ways to manage hypertension.
Dementia is a word used to describe a set of symptoms of cognitive decline that include difficulties with language, memory, attention, recognition, problem- solving, and decision- making.
Although Alzheimer' s disease is the most common cause of progressive dementia in older persons, dementia can be caused by a variety of factors. Some dementia symptoms may be reversible, depending on the reason.
Dementia is one of the leading causes of disability and dependency among the elderly globally, according to the World Health Organization.
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