Premenstrual syndrome is condition characterised by physical, emotional, psychological and behavioural changes just before the menses start. It is listed as a mental health disorder.
It occurs 5 to 11 days before the period starts and affects a big number of women.
It is believed to be brought about by the changes on sex hormones I.e oestrogen and progesterone, and serotonin levels in the brain.
Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome
Abdominal bloating, abdominal pain, mood swings, anxiety, sore a breasts, acne, craving for sweat or salty foods, diarrhoea, headache, a feeling of low self-worth, nausea, violent feeling, change in sleeping patterns, irritability, sadness, emotional outbursts, weight gain, increased sensitivity to light or sound, and swelling of extremities.
Risk factors for premenstrual syndrome
◇A history of depression or mood disorder such as cpost partum depression and bipolar disorder.
◇A family history of premenstrual syndrome or depression.
◇Emotional and physical trauma.
How to Alleviate Symptoms
•Drink plenty of fluids to help ease the bloating.
•Take a well balanced diet.
•Sleep atleast 8 hours to help reduce fatigue.
•Engage in physical exercise- this helps relieve bloating and improve mental health.
•Take caffeine free diet.
•Take pain medications for headache and abdominal pains.
•Individual and group counselling
Take away message is symptoms are severe make an appointment with your doctor.
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