Ovarian cysts are fluid filled sacs or pockets within or on the surface of the ovary.The main causes of ovarian cysts are hormonal imbalances,pregnancy,endometriosis and pelvic infections.
Some types of ovarian cysts include the
*Follicular cysts which results from the growth of a follicle.This form when the follicle grows larger during the menstrual cycle making it not to open and release the egg.
*Corpus luteum cysts-these are related to the menstrual cycle.
*Chocolate cysts- or endometriosis occur when cells that grow inside the uterus,grow on the outside.
*Polycystic ovarian syndrome-a condition characterised by the presence of multiple small cysts within both ovaries.
*Tubo ovarian abscesses-the presence of pus filled cystic spaces in or around the ovary or tubes.
*Dermoid cysts-tumours that occur when tissues of the ovary develop abnormally to form other body tissues such as hair or teeth.
Factors that increase the risk of developing ovarian cyst are:
*Hormonal problems- hormonal disturbances or use of certain fertility medications can result in cysts.
* Pregnancy-cysts that form during ovulation and stay on the ovary during pregnancy.
*Endometriosis-when uterine endometrial cells grow on the outside some of that tissue can attach itself to the ovary and form a growth.
*A severe pelvic infection.
*A previous ovarian cyst infection.
*A family history of ovarian cysts.
*Age because they are more common after menopause.
*Obesity-fat women are at a higher risk of getting ovarian cysts.
Ovarian cysts can cause painful twisting of the ovary or ovarian torsion which can cause symptoms like nausea,vomiting and severe pelvic pain.They can also rapture because of rigorous activity that involves the pelvis like intercourse and cause severe bleeding and pain.
Back or pelvic pain,pain during intercourse,abnormal and irregular menstruation,leg cramps,fullness of heaviness in your abdomen,Bloating, urinary urgency,difficult bowel movements,abdominal pain are some of the symptoms ovarian cysts can cause.
Most ovarian cysts disappear on their own but it is important to visit a gynaecologists and have tests undertaken if you have any symptoms.
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