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Understanding Endometriosis: Treatment Options For Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a common gynecological condition with a wide range of symptoms that are often mistaken for other pelvic disorders.

It is characterized by the presence of cells from the lining of the uterus (called endometrial cells) in areas outside the uterus, such as the ovaries, bowel, or around the pelvic organs. The most common symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain which is beyond normal menstrual cramping.

Individuals who suffer from endometriosis can experience severe and debilitating pain, averting them from taking part in their normal activities.

Some common symptoms of endometriosis are:

- Painful periods

- Pain during or after s£x

- Pain in the lower back, pelvis, or abdomen (that doesn't go away)

- Painful bowel movements

- Difficult/Painful urination

- Infertility

- Change in the menstrual cycle (monthly cycles may become shorter, more frequent, and more severe)

-Fatigue, Constipation, Nausea especially during menstrual periods


There are a number of possible causes of endometriosis. The most common is the presence of abnormal egg-producing tissue in the lining of the uterus (endometrium).

This tissue is called endometrial stromal cells, or endomysium. According to research no clear science in what causes these cells to become tumor-like, but genetic factors play a role.

In rare cases, endometriosis can be caused by a tumor in the ovary called an endometrial stromal sarcoma.

Endometriosis can also be caused by the spread of cancer from another part of the body. The most common type of cancer that spreads to the uterus is ovarian cancer. Endometriosis has also been linked to certain types of immune system disorders, such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.

Treatment Options for Endometriosis:

There are several options available, and each has benefits and drawbacks. Some women find they prefer one of the treatments over other treatments. It is important to discuss your individual situation with your doctor so that you can find the right treatment option for you.

Treatment options include:

1. NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as ibuprofen and naproxen, which can help to ease the pain.

2. Hormonal therapy to suppress the menstrual cycle (menstrual suppression). This is often done with birth control pills or progestin injections.

3. Surgery, which may be recommended if your endometriosis has grown into or through your uterine wall or has caused other complications such as adhesions that can't be treated with medication alone.

Content created and supplied by: nicomunyao (via Opera News )

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