Hey guys, welcome back for another article on child health. Today we are going to talk about a deadly disease that usually affects children's hearts. The good thing about this disease is that we can prevent it by simply treatment an upper respiratory disease, such as a flu.The disease is known as Acute Rheumatic Fever.
What Is Acute Rheumatic Fever?
Acute Rheumatic Fever is an immunologic response that causes the destructuion of heart valves and is usually as a result of untreated streptococcal infection. I know these are alot of terms, but let me make it easier for you.
First of all, the body has immune cells that protect your body. These cells include white blood cells. Now in Rheumatic heart disease, these cells destroy the heart's valves. And it usually occurs about 4 to 6 weeks after an untreated upper respiratory infection.
Why An Upper Respiratory Infection?
The strep infections that cause upper respiratory tract infections, has some sought of molecules that cover their body. These molecules are almost similar to those in the heart valves.
Therefore, when the immune cells are sent to deal with the strep infection (remember they are sent through blood, which passes the heart), they also encounter the molecules on the heart valve.
Because the molecules look alike, these cells will begin fighting the heart valves and in the processs causing destruction. This will predispose the child to getting rheumatic heart disease, which can cause the development of heart failure.
Signs and Symptoms Of Acute Rheumatic fever
Your child might present with fever of over 38 degrees Celsius.
Pain on the joints, called Migratory polyarthritis. You will mostly hear your child complaining of joint pains which switch from joint.
How to prevent Rheumatic fever
Hygiene is key, encourage you child to brush their teeth atleast twice daily.
Also treat any upper respiratory infections. These can be found over the counter. Visit your nearest pharmacy for this.
When to visit the doctor.
Generally, advice all people to visit the doctor regularly for check up.
Content created and supplied by: HenfreySeka (via Opera News )
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