The estimated number of people living with HIV in the word is 38 million. Many efforts have been put in place by various organizations and government in attempt to reduce this number.
Free testing, free provision of ARVs and other prevention gears are some of the steps taken to prevent new HIV infections.
According to a research, the highest number of HIV infections in men is through the secretions from female private organs. Another research carried out by researchers from University of Nairobi, University of Manitoba, University of Illinois and RTI International that was carried out in Kenya states that circumcision for men reduces their infection rate by 40 to 60 percent.
The men who have not undergone through this rite of passage has a foreskin which is rich in Langerhan's cells. These cells are areas of HIV infection. During the act, the foreskin is pulled back exposing all the inner part of it to the female secretions. This gives a large area for the transmission of the HIV.
In addition, the inner side of the foreskin is easily torn during the act and get some small wounds making the person at high risk of HIV infection.
In men who have passed through this rite of passage, transmission only takes place at the urethra. This is a very small area of infection as it contains few Langerhan's cells.
According to UNAIDS Chief Scientific Adviser, Dr Catherine Hankins, men who have not passed through this rite of passage are at high risk of getting STIs which are also linked to high chances of HIV infection.
This rite of passage therefore lowers the risk of HIV infection to men.
Content created and supplied by: Stan_Ka_Wambu (via Opera News )
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