Deep vein thrombosis is a condition that occurs when a blood clot forms inside one of the veins of the body especially the legs.
A blood clot is a clump of blood that has changed from liquid like form to a semi solid state.The main causes of deep vein thrombosis are an inflammation due to injury, infection or damage due to trauma or surgery.
Other causes of deep vein Thrombosis include:
*Use of Birth control pills-estrogen affects the transcription of various proteins thus increasing the clotting factors by increasing gene transcription.
*Pregnancy-in heavy pregnancies pressure is increased on the grind that return blood to the heart from the lower body plus long periods spent while resting.
*Cancer-it can cause tissue damage which increases the risk of Deep Vein Thrombosis.
*Trauma or bone fracture-an injury to a blood vessel resulting from trauma or fracture can cause the nearby blood to thicken and form a clump.
*Hormones taken for symptoms of menopause.
*Long periods of rest or reduced mobility and inactivity.
Factors which increase the risk of getting a deep vein thrombosis are:
*Age-older persons are more at risk though it can occur at any age.
*Sitting for long periods of time-the risk of blood clots is increased due to lack of muscle contractions which help in the circulation of blood.
*Injury to the veins or surgery-this causes an increased risk of a formation of blood clots.
*Smoking as it affects blood clotting and circulation.
*Heart failure also increases the risk of deep vein thrombosis.
*Inflammatory bowel diseases-certain diseases associated with the digestive system increase the risk of Deep Vein Thrombosis.
*Genetic disorders-certain genetic disorders increase the risk of Deep Vein Thrombosis.
*Obesity or being overweight because of the pressure exerted on the legs.
Some of the symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis are;
1. Throbbing of cramping pain in one leg.
2. Swelling in one leg.
3. Warm skin around the painful area.
4. Red or darkened skin around the affected area.
5. Swollen beings that are hard or sore when you touch them.
A blood clot in an arm can cause symptoms such as
3.Swelling in an arm or hand.
4.Pain that moves from the arm to the forearm.
5.Weakness in one hand.
Swelling or pain in the legs,a feeling of warmth in the affected leg,Red or discoloured skin in the affected leg.
Untreated DVT can result in pulmonary embolism that is a blood clot that travels to the lungs from another part of the body usually the legs.It can also result in a condition called the Postphlebitic syndrome.
Ways in which this condition can be prevented are;
*Maintaining a healthy weight.
*Avoiding sitting for long periods.
*Use of anticoagulants to minimise the risk of DVT in persons with inherited disorders.
*Wearing loose clothing.
*Drinking lots of fluids.
*Avoiding alcohol and sleeping pills.
*Doing calf exercises.
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