Climate change in Kenya, as in other parts of the world, is primarily caused by human activities that release greenhouse gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere. Some of the main reasons for climate change in Kenya include:
•Deforestation: Kenya's forests are being destroyed at an alarming rate, mainly due to logging, agriculture, and human settlement. Trees absorb carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere, and deforestation results in the release of large amounts of CO2, contributing to climate change.
•Agriculture and livestock farming: Kenya's economy is largely based on agriculture and livestock farming. However, these activities emit large amounts of methane, a potent greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change.
•Energy production: Kenya relies heavily on fossil fuels such as oil, coal, and natural gas to produce electricity. The burning of these fuels releases large amounts of CO2 into the atmosphere, contributing to climate change.
•Urbanization: Kenya's urban centers are growing rapidly, with more people moving into cities and towns. This growth leads to increased demand for energy and transportation, which in turn leads to increased GHG emissions.
•Industrial processes: Industries such as cement production, mining, and manufacturing emit large amounts of GHGs, contributing to climate change.
Overall, addressing the root causes of climate change in Kenya will require a combination of measures such as promoting renewable energy, reducing deforestation, promoting sustainable agriculture and livestock farming, and reducing emissions from industry and transportation.
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