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6 Lakes That disappeared From The Face Of Earth

According to JDR magazine, a lake is an area filled with water, localised in a basin, surrounded by land, apart from any river or other outlet that serve to feed or drain the lake. Building dams, over-extraction and mismanagement of water and over-fishing are the main cause of the disappearance of the world's lakes and rivers. Here are six lakes that are disappearing or have already disappeared.

1. Owen lake, United States

Before dying up in 1926, it used to covered about 108 square miles in California. The area is now a large salt flat whose surface is made up of a mixture of clay, sand and a variety of minerals including halite and trona.

2. Aral Sea, Kazakhstan

It was the fourth-largest body of fresh water in the world. USSR diverted water for cotton irrigation in the 1960s. Today, it can claim only about 10 per cent of its former surface area. The exposed sea bed is today like a vast sandy desert being eroded by strong winds.

3. The Dead Sea, Middle East

The Dead Sea is slowly wasting away. In the last 30 years, it has seen a dramatic decrease in lake size. Israel, Palestine and Jordan have agreed to pump in about 53 billion gallons of water.

4. Lake Fagabine, Mali

It was one of the largest lakes in West Africa, at about 230 square miles. Droughts in the 1990s completely dried up the lake.

5. Lake Assal, Djibouti

With scorching 125 degrees Fahrenheit during the day, the lake evaporated and there was no rainfall runoff to feed the lake.

6. Lake Chad

This lake was shared by 4 countries in West Africa. Lake Chad basin is one of the dustiest places on earth. Its main feeder river was diverted for irrigation and by 2001, the lake shrank by 95%.

Content created and supplied by: yator.enock.kipkorir (via Opera News )

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