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Why CBC was implemented in Kenya

Kenya implemented the Competency-Based Curriculum (CBC) to replace the much-criticized 8-4-4 system.

This in itself is a noble cause. Nevertheless, many questions have been raised regarding the driving philosophy behind the change.

Is it because the previous system(s) has become completely nonprofitable or is it because we have crafted a better curriculum which can be best transmitted in the new system?

many countries which have succeeded in the implementation of a system compared to ours, the underlying philosophy has been the urge to prepare a better generation for tomorrow. Is that the motivation in our case?

This year in February Strathmore University, Dr. Vincent Ogutu, a career teacher and Vice Chancellor Designate of Strathmore University, shared critical details regarding the new system.

By law, a system of education in Kenya has to be reviewed after a period of time. This being the case, the 8-4-4 system was due for review. However, every time there is a review, the country has a new opportunity to inculcate specific skills and competencies, which at the time are deemed fit for the future. While this is not any different for CBC, there is more to be derived from it than just the skills and competencies.

The system aims to inculcate dynamic values and instill virtues to help us flourish in our daily activities. The 8-4-4 was a teacher-based system, where the teacher was at the center of learning. This will not be the case anymore. The CBC aims to be a more student-based system, with more focus on the ability of the student to self- learn and develop relevant skills requisite for any engagement carried out. This way of thinking is perhaps informed by the opening up of the world, which has been spurred by the internet explosion.

With this, the pressure for academic performance will be eased. However, there will be more focus on the specific skills for each individual student and the unique abilities of students. Generally speaking, it will give a chance to everyone, not only those endowed academically. This will be done in an environment of freedom and responsibility.

From the face of it, the system looks like a magic bullet. However, it comes against the backdrop of challenges inherited from the previous system(s). Will the employers adapt to the new system and give more focus to skills than grades in their considerations? Are the teachers prepared to take on the challenge of change? Are we ready for a decentralized assessment and evaluation? How about the numerous challenges facing the quality and accessibility of learning materials?

While these are challenges we have to deal with, Dr. Ogutu concurred with the view of the government that, we are better off with the challenges of the new system, rather than stick to 8-4-4.

Content created and supplied by: PeterNambafu (via Opera News )

CBC Competency-Based Curriculum Kenya Strathmore Vincent Ogutu

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