Poultry farming is the practice of rearing different types of poultry birds principally for meat and egg production. Commonly reared birds include hens, turkey, guinea fowls, ducks, pigeons and geese.
There are two broad categories of poultry birds; broiler and layer poultry. Broilers are the ones responsible for meat production while layers produces eggs. This article discusses poultry management practices that a small scale farmer can employ to increase quality and quantity of meat and eggs in his or her birds.
The first and very crucial step is to build a suitable pathogen and flood free poultry house. Raising the house approximately one metre helps in controlling floods while fumigating the poultry house assist in minimizing infestation of both endoparasites and ectoparasites.
Proper feeding of the birds will enable them to reach market size faster. The birds should be given correct feed proportions. Layer birds should be given calcium-rich feeds like omena while broilers should be given feeds rich in proteins. The farmer should also provide water to the chickens.
Sourcing your chicks from a reliable supplier is also advantageous because it helps in the selection of disease resistant and early maturing birds.
Fencing is also very important in your poultry farm. Fences helps keep away predators and intruding people in your farm. The predators may kill your birds thus decreasing their numbers. People can cause stress and vices to your chickens hence lowering production.
Cleaning the poultry house regularly helps in eliminating foul smell caused by accumulation of droppings from the birds. The droppings from the birds if left to accumulate can serve as a breeding ground for many bacterial and viral diseases. When birds are attacked by such diseases, the farmer is likely to face severe losses if he or she didn't took insurance cover.
When the chickens start laying, prepare brooding sites for them to hatch the eggs. The simplest way of making an egg incubator is to fill a carton box with dry grass or sand.
Content created and supplied by: @Onyango (via Opera News )
Opera News is a free to use platform and the views and opinions expressed herein are solely those of the author and do not represent, reflect or express the views of Opera News. Any/all written content and images displayed are provided by the blogger/author, appear herein as submitted by the blogger/author and are unedited by Opera News. Opera News does not consent to nor does it condone the posting of any content that violates the rights (including the copyrights) of any third party, nor content that may malign, inter alia, any religion, ethnic group, organization, gender, company, or individual. Opera News furthermore does not condone the use of our platform for the purposes encouraging/endorsing hate speech, violation of human rights and/or utterances of a defamatory nature. If the content contained herein violates any of your rights, including those of copyright, and/or violates any the above mentioned factors, you are requested to immediately notify us using via the following email address operanews-external(at)opera.com and/or report the article using the available reporting functionality built into our Platform See More