Aquaculture is usually a controlled process of cultivating aquatic organisms, especially for human consumption. It is a similar concept to agriculture, but with fish instead of plants or livestock.
Aquaculture is also referred to as fish farming
The sea food that you find at your local grocery store is likely labeled as farmed fish.
Aquaculture can happen all over the world, and it does :in coastal ocean waters, freshwater ponds and rivers, and even on land in tanks
How it works.
The methods of aquaculture farm to table process can differ from species to species. Generally, there are four stages of the production chain, starting in hatcheries and ending at the seafood counter in your grocery store.
Each of these stages can vary with the respect to its effect on the environment and the quality of the safety of the seafood they produce.
Stages of production
The first stage is usually the hatchery. This is where the breeding of fish, hatching of eggs and rearing of fish through the early life stages happens. Once they are mature enough, they are transferred to the farm, where they are grown to harvest size, using feeds produced at feed Mills.
They are then transported to a processing facility where they are packaged and sent to food retailers and grocery stores.
Given that overfishing on our oceans and other natural resources in continuously increasing year over year, humans need alternative sources for seafood to feed the planets ever growing population.
Farming fish responsibly and sustainably is the solution to providing future generations with access to healthy and environmentally friendly protein options
Not only is aquaculture necessary. It is also a sustainable option for consumers, especially in comparison to other farmed proteins.
Seafood is highly resource efficient it has the highest protein retention compared to chicken, pork and beef.
It also has the lowest feed conversion ratio among the same form of protein.
Aquaculture has lower green house gas emissions than other types of farming.
The primary responsibility of aquaculture is to efficiently complement wild caught fish options to increase the amount of seafood available worldwide.
Aquaculture has the potential to improve the health of our planet and the health of our population, as long as it is done in a manner that is environmentally friendly, socially responsible and considers food safety and animal welfare.
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