Many people in Kenya always keep different farm animals, cows being the majority. People have long held the belief that cows are the best livestock to raise on their farms. This isn' t always the case because raising cows has a number of drawbacks. The following are some of the drawbacks of keeping cows.
1. Cows eat a lot of food and drink a lot of water.
2. The majority of cattle breeds are prone to tropical diseases.
3. Cows require a lot of land to graze on.
4. They produce a lot of methane gas, which is a greenhouse gas that causes severe ozone depletion in the stratosphere.
This article examines the advantages of goat farming on a large and small scale. Goats are even toed mammals that belong to the Artiodactyla family of mammals. Goats are incredibly cheap to keep, and a goat farmer can make a lot of money in a short amount of time.
A farmer can raise three different types of goats on his or her farm. Dual- purpose goats, dairy goats, and meat goats are among them. The Galla goats and the little Maasai goats are two of Kenya' s greatest meat breed goats. Due to their white color, Galla goats are particularly resistant to severe thermal radiation. The following are some of the most important factors that make goat farming lucrative for both large and small scale farmers.
1. Goats make use of a small plot of land. A space held by one cow, for example, can be shared by two goats.
2. Goats consume less food and water than humans.
3. They are grazers as well as browsers. This implies that they can eat both grass and tree twigs.
4. When compared to cow milk, goat milk has a higher market value.
A litre of goat milk costs roughly 120 Kenyan shillings, while a litre of cow milk costs 50 shillings in Kenyan markets. This means that a farmer with a large herd of dairy goats will make more money.
Mistakes To Avoid While Rearing Goats
There are a few faults you should avoid in goat farming if you want to make more money. Here are some goat farming mistakes to avoid if you want to make more money.
1. Do not cram too many goats into a tight space.
Only keep the appropriate number of goats for the size of the dwelling. This aids in the prevention of insect and disease spread.
Overcrowding often leads to goat fighting and inadequate air circulation in the house.
2. Avoid feeding low- quality feed to goats
To assist them in proper growth and production, feed them high- quality foods. When necessary, use the same type of feed. If you wish to make a change, do so gradually to prevent causing stress to the goats.
3. Leave garbage within the goat home to avoid poor hygiene.
To avoid the spread of infections, keep the house clean on a regular basis. Water should be used to clean the walls. Do not paint the wall since it will emit a foul odor.
4. Avoid leaving goats unattended without providing them with water
Clean drinking water should be placed near the feed to aid in body cooling and digestion.
They should be provided water at the same time as they are given dry food.
5. Do not expose goats to parasites.
Regularly control both internal and exogenous parasites.
Control exterior pests with proper pesticides and interior parasites with dewormers.
6. Never breed a high- quality production goat with a low quality production goat.
With the help of a high- quality produce goat, I was able to meet a high- quality produce goat.
As a result, hybrid vigor is poor, resulting in minimal profit.
7. I' ve never seen a goat with a baby or a parent.
There will be no variety, an increased risk of disease, and low hybrid vigor if inbreeding is done.
8. Avoid putting goats together.
Mixing goats is not a good idea. When large goats are combined with small goats, small goats fight, and female goats mixed with male goats result in unwanted pregnancies.
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