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How To Start Kienyeji Farming And Reap Big From It

Kienyeji Chicken, also known as Local Chicken, is a broad term for the native Kenyan and Ugandan chicken breeds, most of which are raised in the village in the open air. Kienyeji chicken farming is becoming popular today because chicken is considered organic and therefore a healthier option. Kienyeji Chicken farming can bring big profits as well as big losses.

Why you should choose Kienyeji Chicken Farming

There are several reasons why farmers consider raising local chickens. They are:

Easy to start: It is not hard to start raising kienyeji chickens. It doesn' t require a lot of startup funding, especially when you' re using it as a hobby or experiment. Getting a rooster (rooster) and two chickens is enough to start. When the hens begin to lay eggs, let them rest on the eggs. If each hen has 10 chicks, let them hatch for two months, and then the next month, there should be at least 60 chicks by the end of the year. Presupposing zero mortality and no chickens discarded, you should have hundreds of kienyeji chickens by the end of the second year.

Resistant to diseases: Kienyeji chickens are known to be resistant. They are better at disease resistance than hybrid chickens. In terms of feeding, they can find their own food. As we all know, some species can survive on agricultural waste alone. Hybrid chickens should be fed a carefully formulated and balanced feed ration from start to finish achieving maximum productivity.

High demand: As people' s health awareness increases, the demand for local eggs and meat has increased. They are considered healthier. The growth niche includes pure free- range chickens, antibiotic- free chickens, and locally improved chickens.

Breeds good quality local varieties and other good quality local varieties.

There are five common improved landraces in East Africa. They are Kari (from Kenya), Rainbow rooster, Kuroiler, Kenbro and Sasso.

How To Rear Kienyeji Chickens

Traditionally, kienyeji chickens have been raised under extensive systems, where they are free to find their own food. From time to time, you should give them chicken or chicken cubes to supplement their diet. With this method, the number of visits to medicines and veterinarians is minimal. The chickens were placed in temporary structures and, in some cases, stayed overnight with other livestock, or in a room such as a kitchen not used by the farmer' s family at night.

There are no protection measures against predators. With this traditional system, chicken flocks will never grow, and farmers can benefit from economies of scale. There is no herd management, but farmers sell chicken when needed. Although the cost is the lowest in this system, profitability cannot be measured. The solution to these problems is to retain local chickens and use modern poultry farming methods while taking advantage of the benefits of traditional systems.

The Pen system

In the pen system, chickens are left on the farm and forage for their own food. In terms of diet, there is little or no supplementation. Chickens are raised at night to protect them from predators and bad weather. This method of poultry farming has some modifications, namely the grazing system and the rowing system.

Semi- intensive system: In a semi- intensive system, chickens are kept in enclosures where they can roam. The game was glued to the house where they slept at night. Farmers provide food and water.

Intensive systems: Under this system, chickens are kept in a house or cage. Under this system, there are three types: deep bed system, slat system, and cage system. This system allows a large number of birds to be kept on a small plot of land. Farmers provide food, water, lighting, and other poultry needs.

Properly Implementation of grazing system

Under the poultry grazing system, chickens are raised in temporary pens or chicken tractors and moved to a new enclosure every few days. They spend the night in a chicken tractor or in a mobile chicken coop in the meadow. This is an improvement of the pen system, in which the chickens can feed themselves, but they will get water and safety. The paddock is surrounded by mobile fences, sometimes powered by electricity, to keep out predators and chickens.

To meet its nutritional indicators, chicken feed supplementation is used. Chickens eat insects, grass, and other vegetation in the meadow. Moving chickens can regenerate meadow vegetation and regrow. In some cases, chickens will follow pasture- feeding herbivores. When the herbivore moves to the next enclosure, the chicken moves to the enclosure where the herbivore is located. This allows chickens to benefit from insects in animal manure. The land will also benefit because chickens spread manure when scratching the ground.

How To Construct House for Kienyeji chickens

In order to profit from the local chicken business, you need to provide good housing. When your chicken is comfortable, it will be more productive. The house must protect the chickens from predators. It must not be affected by extreme environmental conditions such as strong wind, cold and heat.

There must be adequate lighting in the house. Light affects the development and productivity of chickens. For laying hens, the nest box should be darker and more private. Construct chicken coops to provide additional lighting if necessary. Additional lighting, especially for laying hens, can increase productivity. The house must have sufficient air circulation to allow clean air for the poultry. It also allows the ammonia in manure to leave the house.

The home should be kept clean at all times and constructed in a way that is easy to clean. Not all people should enter the chicken coop at any time. The way the house is built should be easy to control who enters and when. Anyone who enters should use a foot bath at the entrance to prevent the spread of disease. The house must have the correct number of chickens. Overcrowding can cause many problems and ultimately lead to reduced productivity.

Feeding, Water and Egg Collection Facility

The chicken house should be constructed in such a way that farmers can collect eggs in the shortest time possible without stressing the birds.

Separating birds based on age and breed has several benefits, including monitoring chicken performance, providing age- appropriate feed, vaccination, and disease control. Each age group must stay alone.

Make sure you have done a lot of research on the nutrition of chickens, and made excellent recommendations on the nutrients for the best performance. One of the reasons why local chicken farmers do not make substantial profits is that they leave chicken feed at the destination and feed any available feed at any given time.

Starter: Chicken feed starter is suitable for chickens. They are rich in nutrients necessary for the development of chicks. The starting feed has a high level of protein. If you raise local chickens for meat, you should give the meat birds the necessary feed. Similarly, if you raise chickens for eggs, you should give them starter feed for laying hens.

Brooding Chicken RSS: It is suitable for chickens raised for laying eggs. Its protein content is 18%. The lower protein content means that chickens develop stronger bones and gradually reach the correct egg weight. Excess protein will cause the hens to lay eggs too early before the production system is well- developed. This will cause various health problems and have a negative impact. The chick feed is fed to the chicks for up to 14 weeks. Broiler Chick Finisher is designed to transition from broiler laying hens to laying hens. This applies to hens between 14 and 22 weeks, when they start laying eggs. Fattening chicken fattening contains 16% protein.

Purée layers: At approximately 22 weeks old, chickens raised for egg laying are ready to lay their eggs. At this age, they will transform into egg mass, which contains between 16% and 18% protein and the extra calcium needed for a firm eggshell.

Clean and fresh drinking water is one of the most important requirements for chickens. Chicken drinks doubled their feed intake. For example, if a chicken eats 5 grams of food, it needs 10 grams of water. Lack of water can lead to indigestion, which means that the fed feed will be wasted, and chicken farmers will not be able to achieve the desired results.

Content created and supplied by: Phalam (via Opera News )

Kenyan Kienyeji Kienyeji Chicken Farming Local Chicken Ugandan

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