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How to use natural pesticides and insecticides in organic farming


As the trend of healthy lifestyles grows, more and more people natural or organic products. One of the big problem is the pest. Organic plant is vulnerable to pest. One effective way to get rid of pest is by using natural insecticide.

What is the best ingredient for insecticidal soap? It is depend on where you live. It can be from spice or any herbs that has strong spicy flavor, or contain natural substance that pest hate.

There are many different types of organic pesticides that you can easily make and formulate. The ingredients are not difficult for you to find yourself. There are even ingredients that you can get from the kitchen at home.

I will share 6 easy recipes of natural insecticide that you can easily find in your home and cheap.

1. Natural Pesticide from Tomato Leaves

Tomato plant contains “tomatine” that effective for natural pesticide

Tomato leaves are good as natural insecticides and fungicides, but need to be careful. When tomato leaves are used as natural pesticides they can be toxic to humans. It can cause serious digestion disorder for human. Thus, it is important to use gloves, nose and mouth cover when we make the pesticide and when spray the plants.

In the rods and leaves of tomato plants, it contains natural substance called “Tomatine”. This natural substance can control pests.

The tomato leaves pesticide can eradicate aphids, caterpillars, insect eggs, grasshoppers, moths, white flies, fungi, and decaying bacteria in our organic farms.

Here are 5 easy steps to make this natural pesticide:

Take tomato leaves about the weight of 1 kilogram. Wear gloves when picking tomato leaves.

Cook the tomato leaves in 2 litres of water for 30 minutes.

Add 2 handfuls of tomato leaves, tomato stems and tomatoes, and add 2 litres of water. Then stir the ingredients, then leave for 6 hours (1/2 day).

Strain the water and add 1/4 part of bar soap

Put in a spray bottle, tomato pesticides are ready to use.

Spray this liquid every two days if there are quite a number of annoying insects. Don’t forget to use hand, nose, and mouth protection when spraying.

2. Natural Pesticide from Papaya Leaves

Papaya leaves contains “Papain” that effective for natural pesticide

Behind the bitterness of papaya leaves, there are not many people know that this leaves can be used as natural pesticide.

Papaya leaves contain the active ingredient “Papain”, making it effective for controlling caterpillars and sucking pests.

It is also used to prevent pests such as aphid, termites, small pests, and caterpillars and various types of insects.

Papaya leaf extract can be used as a natural pesticide after it is mixed with kerosene and detergent.

Here are 6 easy steps to make this natural pesticide:

Prepare one kilogram of papaya leaves.

Blend the leaves with water until they turn to porridge like consistency.

Pour into a container and then add 10 litre of water.

Add 2 tablespoons of kerosene and 30 grams of detergent

Stir until mixed and store for two nights.

After two days, strain the leaf solution and it is ready to use.

This pesticide solution can be directly applied to plants by spraying the solution into plants.

3. Natural Pesticide from Cigarette butts

Cigarette butts contain nicotine, which can be the main ingredient of natural pesticide

Cigarette butts are the remaining parts of cigarettes that only thrown away after people smoking. However, it turns out that the cigarette butts can be used as Insecticides.

You can make powerful natural pesticides from the waste!

Cigarette butts is very effective for pesticide. This is due to the presence of alcoid compounds from tobacco leaves, namely nicotine in the cigarette butts. Nicotine can be used as a base for making insecticides. The nicotine content in tobacco can reach 0.3% to 5% dry weight.

Furthermore, nicotine is a potential nerve poison and is used as a raw material for insecticide, so that it can get rid off pest like aphid, caterpillars, grasshoppers, black ants, and other pests.

Pesticides from cigarette butts resemble pesticides made from neem and papaya leaves. Both are able to kill pests. However, pesticide made from cigarette butts is stronger, faster and more effective.

Here are 5 easy steps to make cigarette butts natural pesticide

Collect a few cigarette butts, take the tobacco until about 1.2 grams.

Boil 9 litre of water. Pour it into a container, then put the remaining tobacco into it. The comparison is 0.6 grams of cigarette butts mixed with 4.5 litres of water. Not less, not more. Too much water cause the pesticide poison become not effective to pest. But, if the tobacco is too excessive, the plants can die.

Add some dish soap. We recommend using potassium-based soaps, because the ones that are too hard will damage the plants.

Let the mixture ferment for four to seven days.

After two days, strain the ciggarete solution and it is ready to use.

This pesticide solution can be directly applied to plants by spraying the solution into the plants.

4. Natural Pesticide from Garlic

Garlic has fungicidal properties and strong odour effective for natural pesticide

Garlic has natural fungicidal and pesticides properties that work effectively to control pests. For maximum efficacy in pest control, avoid using any chemical fertilisers. That’s because chemical fertilisers can reduce the content of vital ingredients in garlic to fight pests.

Garlic also contains Alisin caused the strong smells of garlic. Many people doesn’t like the garlic smell. Not only people, insects are also resentful of the smell. The stinging sharp aroma of the alisin makes the pest reluctant to approach. Apart from being disliked, alisin has a negative effect on their coordination system. The effect of Alisin in garlic will not cause the pest resistance since the smell alone has made insects reluctant to approach.

Alisin also blocks the formation of enzymes so that bacterial metabolism stagnates. The ends of the bacterial growth are inhibited until they die.

The pesticide from garlic can control aphids, ants, termites, whiteflies, beetles, borers, caterpillars, snails, and caterpillars.

Here are 9 simple steps to make garlic natural pesticide

Prepare five medium sized garlic bulbs. Extract and remove the outer skin.

Turn the garlic into puree using crusher such as blender, mortar or pestle.

Mix with 1/2 litre of water.

Let the mixture soak for at least six hours, better for one night.

Add some dish soap. We recommend using potassium-based soaps, because the ones that are too hard will damage the plants.

Use a soft cloth to filter the mixture.

Place it in a glass bottle with a tight lid.

When ready to use, dilute the mixture in 4 litres of water.

The best way is to use it immediately after preparation. When stored for a long time, it will lose its potential.

This pesticide solution can be directly applied to plants by spraying the solution into the plants. Spray plant parts once a week to provide protection against insects. In the rainy season, you need to spray twice a week.

Organic garlic pesticides have a very strong taste. After spraying, the taste will remain in the plant for about one month. So, it is better not to spray too close to harvest time, because it can interfere with the fruit or vegetables produced.

5. Natural Pesticide from Ginger

Ginger contains zingeron ketone as effective natural pesticide

Ginger is a plant that has many benefits. Not only to maintain the health of the human body, ginger can also be used as an organic pesticide.

Ginger rhizome (Zingiber officinale) is one of the plant sources of pesticides (vegetable pesticides) that can be used for trips pest control because it contains zingeron ketone compounds that have a spicy taste, causing the insect body to feel hot, fever and die.

This natural pesticide can also control other pests such as caterpillars, tomatoes, grasshoppers, grasshoppers, curdles, nematodes, and anthracnos.

Here are 4 simple steps to make garlic natural pesticide

Grate or crush one ginger palm or around 50 grams ginger until smooth.

Prepare 3 litres of clean water and 12 ml of detergent/ soap. Put the ginger into the liquid.

Stir until the water, detergent, and ginger blend together and let sit for a day

After one day, strain the solution and put into the spray bottle. Then, this natural pesticide is ready to use

Spray on all parts of the affected plant in the morning or afternoon.

6. Natural Pesticide from the Mix of Gingger, Garlic and Green Chilli

Gingger, garlic, and green chilli can be used as natural pesticide

If one ingredients is effective enough to control pest. Imagine if three of them are mixed together. Ginger, Garlic and Chilli can be so powerful pest control!

Chili contains essential oils, piperine, and piperidine which function as a repellent and disrupt the preference for eating pests. Chilli also contains capsaicin. The substance robs hydrogen atoms from the tissues of living things. The tissue reacts by removing water so that it is not damaged by dehydration. The same thing is felt by pests affected by chili water spray. He had great pain to death drying with damaged cell membranes running out of fluid.

That is why chilli is a potent vegetable pesticide that dispels fleas, mites, caterpillars, and worms that destroy the roots. The phenylpropanoid material also damages the metabolic system and insect coordination. The substance is found in all types of chilli, ranging from red chilli, curly, rawite, to paprika.

The combination of ginger, chilli, and garlic can also control aphids, nematodes, tomato caterpillars, fruit flies, leaf-miner flies, trips, white fly, and other pests.

Here are 4 simple steps to make garlic natural pesticide

Prepare 25 g of ginger, 50 g of garlic, 25 grams of green chilli, 10 ml of kerosene, 12 ml of soap / detergent, and 3 litres of water. For an area of 0.4 ha it takes 1/2 ginger, ½ green chilli and 1 kg garlic

Soak garlic in kerosene for 24 hours. Then crush the garlic with blender, pestle, or mortar.

Crush the green chill and add 50 ml of water.

Crush the ginger until smooth.

Mix all ingredients. Add soap. Mix everything together

Let the mixture sit overnight.

Strain the soaking solution with a soft cloth. The solution is ready to use

Spray on all parts of the affected plant in the morning or afternoon.

Make, use, and observe, then modify

There are many more natural ingredients that can be used as pesticide.

However, the best one is what is available locally. So, it depends on where you live.

Each pest also has different characteristics depend on where you live. One may be resistant to some natural pesticide, one may not.

The best way to know which one works and which one doesnt is by applying this recipes by yourself. Try to make, use, observe, and then modify the ingredients or the way you make it until you have the best result.

It is important to know that natural pesticide is eco-friendly practice of farming. It is embracing nature and isn't harmful to the environment. So we have to keep using the natural pesticide!

Content created and supplied by: DavidNefasauloo (via Opera News )

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